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骏马易见,伯乐难寻:决策者心智模式影响创意识别的机制及边界条件

Pearls are Everywhere but not the Eyes: The Mechanism and Boundary Conditions of the Influences of Decision Maker's Mental Models on Idea Recognition

Submit Time: 2018-11-19
Author: 白新文 1 ; 齐舒婷 1,2 ; 明晓东 1,2 ; 周意勇 1,2 ; 黄明权 1,2 ;
Institute: 1.中国科学院心理研究所; 2.中国科学院大学心理学系;

Abstracts

当前组织创造力和创新研究与实践的一大误区,是重视员工的创意生成而忽视决策者的创意识别。决策者对组织创新的影响更大,探讨决策者创意识别的影响因素及其作用机制,是本领域研究的新方向。决策者的心智模式——即个体用以描述、解释和预测事物并指导判断和决策的知识及信念结构,是影响创意识别准确性的关键因素。然而,其重要性尚未得到充分认识。本项目以创造力的系统观作为理论框架,综合采用实验和现场研究方法,通过4个子研究揭示固着型与成长型两类决策者的心智模式影响创意识别的中介机制,并探讨决策者、创造者和环境三个子系统影响决策者创意识别的协同作用。本项目从决策者角度探讨其创意识别的过程及结果,在理论上为组织创造力和创新研究引入了新视角和新议题,并有望为决策者如何规避创新决策的陷阱提供实践指导。
[英文摘要] As one of the major limitations in organizational creativity and innovation research, much endeavor has been focused on idea generation rather than on idea recognition. Recognizing creative ideas among many options is the most crucial stage in the long process of organizational innovation, and contributes more to its success than generating ideas does. The critical role of decision maker’s mental model—the knowledge and belief structure that individuals use to describe, interpret, predict outside world, and to make judgment and decisions—on idea recognition has yet been examined. By adopting Csikszentmihalyi’s (1988, 1999) system view of creativity, the current study aims a) to demonstrate the difference in idea recognition accuracy between decision makers holding a fixed mindset or a growth mindset; b) to reveal the mediating effect of decision makers’ uncertainty tolerance decision makers; and c) to investigate the moderating effects of idea features and the pattern of organizational innovation practice. The current study contributes to organizational creativity and innovation literature by introducing a new perspective to this field. Also, decision makers can gain insight on how to avoid costly mistakes by reflecting on and modifying mental models of their own."
Download Comment Cooperative journals:《心理科学进展》 Hits:9868 Downloads:2681
From: 白新文
Journal:心理科学进展
Recommended references: 白新文,齐舒婷,明晓东,周意勇,黄明权.(2018).骏马易见,伯乐难寻:决策者心智模式影响创意识别的机制及边界条件.心理科学进展.doi:10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00571 (Click&Copy)
Version History
[V1] 2018-11-19 10:57:09 chinaXiv:201811.00091V1 Download
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