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儿童图书馆促进了读写能力吗?

Does the children s library promote literacy?

摘要:随着我国儿童对阅读和图书馆服务的需求日趋加大,国内越来越重视儿童图书馆的馆藏与服务建设。但是,儿童图书馆究竟给儿童读者带来了怎么样的裨益,特别是其服务所重点针对的读写能力,是否真的得到了促进呢?通过文献检索和分析,总结发现回答这个问题的两大类研究:读写促进研究和图书馆儿童读写效益评估研究。第一类研究因为并不将图书馆作为服务主体,所揭示的结论并不能真正回答我们所关心的问题。而第二类研究又可以根据所针对的读者群体不同,分为图书包效益研究、早期读写项目评估和暑期阅读项目评估。国内外图书馆界的研究者已经开始关注到这个关键的基本问题,但是目前的研究深度和规范化程度并不能很好地回答这个问题,依旧留下了很多悬而未决的问题。儿童图书馆研究者应该采取更广阔的视角,更多样的指标工具,更扎实的科学方法,厘清同时也展示儿童图书馆在儿童早期阅读发展中所能够发挥的巨大作用。

英文摘要:With the increasing demand for library services for children, China has paid more attention to the collection and service construction of children s libraries. However, what kind of benefits the children s library has brought to children, especially whether the children’s literacy is really promoted by libraries? Through literature research and analysis, two major types of researches were found to answer this question: literacy promotion researches and library literacy program evaluation. Because the first type of researches does not take the library as the main factor in literacy development, its conclusions cannot really answer the questions we care about. The second type of researches can be divided into three categories according to different reader groups: book gifting research, early literacy project evaluation, and summer reading project evaluation. However, no substantial research work has been carried out on this issue in China. The library researchers have begun to address this critical and fundamental question. But currently, the depth and standardization of these researches could not answer the question well, and still left many unanswered questions. Children s library researchers should adopt a broader perspective, more diverse metrics tools, and more solid scientific approaches to clarify and demonstrate the great role that children s libraries can play in literacy development.

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[V1] 2020-12-20 07:17:36 chinaXiv:202101.00066V1 下载全文
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