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2010~2020中国内地高中生心理健康问题检出率的元分析

Prevalence of mental health problems among senior high school students in mainland of China from 2010 to 2020: A meta-analysis

Submit Time: 2022-01-06
Author: 于晓琪 1 ; 张亚利 1 ; 俞国良 2 ;
Institute: 1.中国人民大学教育学院; 2.中国人民大学心理研究所;

Abstracts

我国高中生心理健康问题的检出率亟需关注,许多研究对此进行了探究,但结果并不一致。为明确近十年来我国高中生心理健康问题的检出状况及其影响因素,对检索后获得的252项研究进行了元分析。结果发现:检出率由高到低依次是抑郁(28%)、焦虑(26%)、睡眠问题(23%)、自我伤害(23%)、自杀意念(17%)、躯体化(10%)、自杀计划(7%)、自杀企图(未遂)(3%)。我国高中生心理健康问题检出率受出版年代、测量工具、检出标准、检出时间、年级和区域影响。未来应着力编制标准化测评工具、构建心理健康教育长效机制并对高年级、欠发达地区高中生的心理健康问题予以重点关注。
[英文摘要] " The prevalence of mental health problems of senior high school students in China needs urgent attention. It has attracted many researchers’ attention, but their results were inconsistent. In order to clarify the detection rates and influencing factors of mental health problems of senior high school students in China in recent ten years, we performed a meta-analysis using 252 retrieved studies. The results showed that the prevalence from high to low were depression (28%), anxiety (26%), sleep problems (23%), self-injury (23%), suicidal ideation (17%), somatization (10%), suicide plan (7%), and suicide attempt (3%). The prevalence of mental health problems of senior high school students in China was affected by the year of publication, measurement tools, detection standards, detection time, grade, and region. In the future, efforts should be made to prepare standardized evaluation tools, build a long-term mechanism of mental health education, and focus on the mental health problems of senior class and underdeveloped area senior high school students.
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From: 于晓琪
DOI:10.12074/202201.00033
Recommended references: 于晓琪,张亚利,俞国良.(2022).2010~2020中国内地高中生心理健康问题检出率的元分析.[ChinaXiv:202201.00033] (Click&Copy)
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[V1] 2022-01-06 12:22:42 chinaXiv:202201.00033V1 Download
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