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情感触摸对心理健康的影响及应用

Impact and application of affective touch on mental health

摘要:情感触摸指那些用来表达爱、关心、欣赏等感情的或者被认为传递了这类信息的触摸行为。触摸愉悦感的产生与存在于人类多毛皮肤中名为C触觉的一组低阈值机械感受传入神经有关。早期经验和社会文化因素共同塑造了个体的触摸体验模式,积极的体验模式能够增强社会联系,促进亲密关系,触摸回避则与某些心理障碍有关。情感触摸具有治疗功能,但在心理治疗领域的应用涉及伦理问题,中介触摸和替代触摸可以作为解决触摸回避和伦理问题的新方法。

英文摘要:Affective touch refers to touch behaviors that are used to express or believed to transmit feelings of love, care, appreciation, and so on. C-tactile (CT) afferents, a type of low-threshold mechanosensitive neurons that innervate the hairy skin, are responsible for the pleasure of affective touch. An individuals internal pattern of touch processing is shaped by a combination of early touch experiences and sociocultural variables. A positive internal pattern of touch processing can strengthen social bonding and promote closeness, while touch avoidance is commonly related to psychological disorders. Although affective touch has therapeutic benefits, its application to psychotherapy practices involves ethical issues. Mediated touch and virtual touch can be novel approaches to treat touch avoidance and address ethical issues.

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[V1] 2022-06-24 19:02:29 chinaXiv:202206.00175V1 下载全文
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