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从好奇发生到满足:好奇反馈循环的神经生理机制

From induction to relief: Neurophysiological mechanisms underlying the curiosity feedback loop

摘要:好奇是驱动信息寻求行为最主要的内部动机。从感知信息缺口使好奇发生,到对控制进行价值评估,信息寻求行为发生,再到目标信息获得使好奇满足,每一环节都受到当前信息输入和上一环节反馈输出的影响,它们构成了一个反馈循环。该循环还嵌入在个体的终生发展过程中,随着经验积累和脑的发育不断变化。好奇反馈循环模型融入了控制的期望价值模型和贝叶斯强化学习框架,整合了来自监控系统、奖赏系统、控制系统等多个脑功能系统的研究证据,为理解好奇的神经生理机制提供了新思路。

英文摘要:Curiosity is the main intrinsic motivation driving information-seeking behavior. The curiosity feedback loop model decomposes a curious event into the following six processes: perceived information gap, curiosity generation, value assessment of control, information seeking, curiosity satisfaction, and information integration. These processes create a positive feedback loop that contributes to sustainable knowledge acquisition. The model emphasizes the dynamic and changing nature of curiosity. In addition, this dynamic loop of curiosity is embedded in the lifelong development of the individual, changing as experience is accumulated and the brain develops. The model incorporates the expected value of control model and Bayesian reinforcement learning framework, and integrates research evidence from multiple functional brain systems such as the monitoring system, reward system, and control system. The model provides new ideas for understanding the neurophysiological mechanisms of curiosity.

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[V1] 2022-07-06 14:18:58 chinaXiv:202207.00038V1 下载全文
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