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中国及(新)一线城市的科技研究前沿与热点参与情况

Frontiers and Hotspots Participation of Scientific and Technological Research in China and the (New) First-Tier Cities

摘要:科技与国家和城市发展紧密相关,前沿研究的参与状况反映其科技水平的重要方面。本文利用中国科学院与工程院的系列研究前沿报告、爱思唯尔主题显著性指标,分析了我国及(新)一线城市的科技研究前沿与热点参与情况,发现:我国参与世界科技研究前沿的程度有了极大的进步,但研究的水平还需要大力提升,我国整体和(新)一线城市总体上跟随得多,引领得少。从领域来看,前沿引领和跟随都较好的领域有数学/计算机科学与工程学、化学/化工与材料科学、物理学、地球科学、生态/环境科学与工程、生物/农业科学与工程、能源与矿业工程;总体在工程技术领域的前沿研究情况好于自然科学领域。从学科来看,(新)一线城市前沿主题分布在比较传统的学科且影响力较小,在工程、生物化学/遗传与分子生物学、医学等前沿学科分布较大的学科上表现还有差距。地域上,我国参与全球科技研究前沿的机构主要分布在沿海城市。城市表现上,从研究前沿来看,北京非常突出,其后上海、广州、武汉、南京、杭州、西安、长沙、成都、深圳的表现不错。从主题前沿来看,北京在贡献度、前沿性、影响力三方面的表现非常突出,广州、上海、南京、武汉等城市紧随其后,东莞、苏州、郑州、深圳、沈阳等城市在学术研究的前沿性上表现非常突出,而其他城市的各项表现均一般。

英文摘要:Science and technology are closely related to the development of countries and cities. The participation in frontier research reflects an important aspect of the scientific and technological level of countries and cities. By using the data from the series of reports Research Fronts and Engineering Fronts published by the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering and the prominence percentile data from the Elsevier's SciVcl database, this paper analyzes the frontier and hotspots participation in scientific and technological research in China and (new) first-tier cities. The study found that China's participation in the world's frontiers of scientific and technological research has improved tremendously, but the level of research needs to be raised significantly. The country as a whole and (new) first-tier cities are generally more involved in frontier research areas but less pioneering. In terms of research areas, more frontier-led research with good participation was in mathematics/computer science and engineering, chemistry/chemical engineering and materials science, physics, earth sciences, ecology/environmental science and engineering, biological/agricultural science and engineering, and energy and mining engineering. Overall there is more frontier research in engineering and technology than in the natural sciences. In terms of the distribution of subject research in cities, the disciplines of frontier research in (new) first-tier cities are distributed in more traditional disciplines and are less influential, with gaps in performance in subjects where global frontier research is relatively concentrated, such as engineering, biochemistry/genetics and molecular biology and medicine. In terms of geographical distribution, the institutions involved in global frontier research in science and technology in China are mainly located in coastal cities. In terms of performance, with regard to research and engineering fronts, Beijing is outstanding, followed by Shanghai, Guangzhou, Wuhan, Nanjing, Hangzhou, Xi'an, Changsha, Chengdu and Shenzhen; with regard to topic fronts, Beijing stands out regarding publication share, prominence percentile and FWCI, followed by Guangzhou, Shanghai, Nanjing and Wuhan; Dongguan, Suzhou, Zhengzhou, Shenzhen and Shenyang stand out regarding prominence percentile, while other cities are average in all aspects.

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[V1] 2022-07-14 16:15:27 chinaXiv:202207.00128V1 下载全文
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