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社会经济地位与抑郁的关系:系统综述和元分析

The relationship between socioeconomic status and depression: A systematic review and meta-analysis

摘要:社会经济地位与抑郁的关系在既有研究中存在分歧,为明确两者间的整体关联强度及其影响因素,对纳入的56项研究(65个效应值)进行了元分析。结果发现:社会经济地位与抑郁存在显著的负相关(r = 0.15, 95%CI 0.18, 0.12 ),但相关程度较低。此外,社会经济地位与抑郁的关系受社会经济地位测量工具、测量类型和测量形式,抑郁测量工具以及取样年代调节,但不受性别、年龄、设计类型以及个体主义文化指数的调节。该结果提示社会经济地位劣势可能是导致民众抑郁的重要风险因素。在贫富差距日益扩大的时代,关心社会底层群众生存和发展困境并建立长久而有效的帮扶机制可从社会面减少抑郁的发病率。

英文摘要:The relationship between socioeconomic status and depression is very inconsistent among existing studies. To clarify the overall strength of the association between the two and identify its influencing factors, a meta-analysis of 58 included studies (65 effect sizes) was conducted. The results showed that there was a small and negative correlation between socioeconomic status and depression (r = 0.15, 95%CI 0.18, 0.12 ). In addition, the relationship between socioeconomic status and depression was moderated by measurement tools, types and forms of socioeconomic status, measurement tools of depression, as well as sampling year, but not by gender, age, design types, and individualism index. The results suggest that the disadvantage of socioeconomic status may be an important risk factor for depression. In an era when the gap between the rich and the poor is widening, caring about the survival and development plight of the people at the bottom of the society and establishing a long-term and effective support mechanism can reduce the incidence of depression from a social perspective.

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[V1] 2022-07-20 17:17:59 chinaXiv:202207.00166V1 下载全文
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