Design optimization of JUNO-TAO plastic scintillator with WLS-fiber and SiPM readout
Plastic scintillator (PS) embedding wavelength shifting (WLS) fiber is widely used in high energy particle physics, as muon taggers, and also in medical physics and other applications. In this work, a simulation package is built to evaluate the effects of the diameter and the layout of the optical fiber on the light yield with different configurations. The optimal optical configuration was designed based on the simulation and then validated with two PS prototypes under certain experimental conditions. In the study, the top veto tracker (TVT) of the JUNO#2; TAO experiment, comprised of 4 layers of 160 strips of PS was designed and evaluated. When a muon taggingefficiency of a PS strip is higher than 99%, the threshold is evaluated. The efficiency of 3-layer out of 4-layer of TVT will be higher than 99% even with the tagging efficiency of a single strip as low as 97% using a threshold of 10 p.e. assuming 40% SiPM PDE.