摘要: 《昆明蒙特利尔全球生物多样性框架》提出要高质量保护和恢复各30%的土地，最 大化地实现保护生物多样性和缓解气候变化的目标。演替理论和植被恢复可以为实现30%的 保护和恢复目标服务。演替理论是植被生态学中的核心理论，演替是指在一个地点上由一群 不同物种组成的生命体的结构或组成随时间而变化的过程。植被恢复是以植物种植、配置为 主，恢复或重建植物群落或天然更新恢复植物群落的过程，植被恢复是生态系统结构和功能 从简单到复杂、从低级向高级变化的过程，最终目的是建立健康稳定的植物群落。演替是植 被恢复的基础，植被恢复被视为对演替过程的操纵，以达到恢复受损植被生态系统的目标。 演替理论可以指导植被恢复，植被恢复也对演替理论的发展有益。演替按裸地性质可分为原 生演替和次生演替，有研究建议将恢复过程视为第三演替，这将有助于理解通过人为干预促 进植被恢复成功的管理选择，特别是通过强调退化生态系统中的环境和生物遗存的管理选 择。此外，还提出了植被恢复理论和演替理论未来可能重点关注的科学和技术问题。
Abstract: The Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework proposes to protect 30% and restore 30% of the land with high quality and maximize the goal of conserving biodiversity and mitigating climate change. Succession theory and vegetation restoration can serve the targets of 30% protection and restoration. Succession theory is the core theory in vegetation ecology. Succession refers to the process that the structure or composition of a group of different species in a site change with time. Vegetation restoration is the process of restoring or recovering plant communities, mainly based on plant planting. Vegetation restoration is the process of changing the structure and function of ecosystem from simple to complex, from low level to high level, and the ultimate goal is to establish healthy and stable plant communities. Succession is the foundation of vegetation restoration, vegetation restoration can be seen as the manipulation of the succession process to achieve the goal of restoring damaged vegetation. Succession theory can guide vegetation restoration. Vegetation restoration is also beneficial to the development of succession theory. Succession theory and vegetation restoration differ in scale, theme, and paradigms. Succession often emphasizes disturbances related to nature, while vegetation restoration focuses on disturbances related to humans. The succession can be divided into primary succession and secondary succession according to the nature of bare land. The restoration process can be regarded as the tertiary succession, which will help to understand the management options for promoting the success of vegetation restoration through human intervention, especially by emphasizing the management options which may improve success, especially by addressing environmental and biological legacies. Artificial intervention based on succession theory can accelerate vegetation restoration, avoid early positive promotion of degraded vegetation ecosystems to pre degraded levels in poor habitats, and also avoid resource waste caused by disordered competition and low efficiency among communities. This paper also puts forward the scientific and technical issues on the theory of vegetation restoration and succession in the future.
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