摘要: Abstract: In this experimental study, involving deuteriumdeuterium fusion neutron emission spectroscopy (NES) measurement on the experimental advanced superconducting tokamak (EAST), a liquid scintillator detector (BC501A) was employed. This decision was based on the detector's superior sensitivity, optimal time-response, and its exceptional n- discrimination capability. This detector emits fast pulse signals that are as narrow as 100 ns, with high count rates that can peak at several Mcps. However, conventional nuclear circuits faced challenges in performing pulse height analysis, n pulse shape discrimination (PSD), and in recording the entire pulse waveform under such high-count-rate conditions. To address these challenges, a high-speed digital pulse signal acquisition and processing system was designed. The system was developed around a micro-telecommunications computing architecture (MTCA). Within this structure, a signal acquisition and processing (SAQP) module communicated through PCI Express (PCIe) links, achieving a bandwidth of up to 1.6 GB/s. To accurately capture the detailed shape of the pulses, four channels of analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) were used, each with a 500-MSPS sampling rate and a 14-bit resolution, ensuring an accuracy that surpassed 11 bits. An n- discrimination algorithm, based on the two-gate integral method, was also developed. Implemented within field programmable gate arrays (FPGA), this algorithm provided a real-time n- discrimination spectrum for pulse height analysis. The system underwent rigorous testing in a laboratory setting and during an EAST experiment. The results confirmed that the innovative SAQP system can satisfy the demanding requirements of high-parameter experiments, manage count rates of up to 2 Mcps, execute real-time n- discrimination algorithms, and record entire pulse waveforms without any data loss.