摘要: Purpose/significance ChatGPT is a chatbot program developed by OpenAI in the United States. Conversations with ChatGPT can shed light on the scientific research in the age of AI. Method/process Currently, ChatGPT offers users 30 free query credits per day. By creating an outline for the conversation, Chen Yu engaged in a dialog with ChatGPT on various issues of the scientific research. Result/conclusion In the AI era, the AI technology represented by ChatGPT can become a game-changer in scientific research. Specifically, AI technology represented by ChatGPT can achieve faster data analysis, hypothesis generation, and decision making, trigger paradigm innovation in scientific research, promote interdisciplinary research, discover new research problems and research directions, lower the barriers to entry to scientific research, and promote scientific popularization and knowledge dissemination. At the same time, there are a number of potential risks associated with the use of AI technology represented by ChatGPT in scientific research, including privacy or data security issues, over-reliance on AI technology, rigidity of thinking, stereotyping or even prejudice against certain genders, races, cultures, languages and ideologies, intellectual property rights, workforce adaptation, academic misconduct, and digital hegemony or AI hegemony in the English-speaking world.