摘要：Finding the electromagnetic (EM) counterpart of binary compact star merger, especially the binary neutron star (BNS) merger, is critically important for gravitational wave (GW) astronomy, osmology and fundamental physics. On Aug. 17, 2017, Advanced LIGO and Fermi/GBM independently triggered the first BNS merger, GW170817, and its high energy EM counterpart, GRB 170817A, respectively, resulting in a global observation campaign covering gamma-ray, X-ray, UV, optical, IR, radio as well as neutrinos. The High Energy X-ray telescope (HE) onboard Insight-HXMT (Hard X-ray Modulation Telescope) is the unique high-energy gamma-ray telescope that monitored the entire GW localization area and especially the optical counterpart (SSS17a/AT2017gfo) with very large collection area (~1000 cm2) and microsecond time resolution in 0.2-5 MeV. In addition, Insight-HXMT quickly implemented a Target of Opportunity (ToO) observation to scan the GW localization area for potential X-ray emission from the GW source. Although Insight-HXMT did not detect any significant high energy (0.2-5 MeV) radiation from GW170817, its observation helped to confirm the nexpected weak and soft nature of GRB 170817A. Meanwhile, Insight-HXMT/HE provides one of the most stringent constraints (~10-7 to 10-6 erg/cm2/s) for both GRB170817A and any other possible precursor or extended emissions in 0.2-5 MeV, which help us to better understand the properties of EM radiation from this BNS merger. Therefore the observation of Insight-HXMT constitutes an important chapter in the full context of multi-wavelength and multi-messenger observation of this historical GW event.
摘要：We study natural supersymmetry in the Generalized Minimal Supergravity (GmSUGRA).For the parameter space with low energy electroweak fine-tuning measures less than 50, we are left with only the Z-pole, Higgs-pole and Higgsino LSP scenarios for dark matter (DM). We perform the focused scans for such parameter space and find that it satisfies various phenomenological constraints and is compatible with the current direct detection bound on neutralino DM reported by the LUX experiment. Such parameter space also has solutions with correct DM relic density besides the solutions with DM relic density smaller or larger than 5 WMAP9 bounds. We present five benchmark points as examples. In these benchmark points, gluino and the first two generations of squarks are heavier than 2 TeV, stop ˜t1,2 are in the mass range [1, 2] TeV, while sleptons are lighter than 1 TeV. Some part of the parameter space can explain the muon anomalous magnetic moment within 3 as well. We also perform the collider study of such solutions by implementing and comparing with relevant studies done by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations. We find that the points with Higgsino dominant ˜ 02/ ˜ ±1 mass upto 300 GeV are excluded in Z-pole scenario while for Higgs-pole scenario, the points with ˜ 02 mass up to 460 GeV are excluded. We also notice that the Higgsino LSP points in our present scans are beyond the reach of present LHC searches. Next, we show that for both the Z-pole and Higgs-pole scenarios, the points with electroweak fine-tuning measure around 20 do still survive.
摘要：The width of three-body single-pion decay process d∗ → NNπ0,± is calculated by using the d∗ wave function obtained from our chiral SU(3) constituent quark model calculation. The eﬀect of the dynamical structure on the width of d∗ is taken into account in both the single ∆∆ channel and cou-pled ∆∆+CC two-channel approximations. Our numerical result shows that in the coupled-channel approximation, namely, the hidden-color conﬁguration being considered, the obtained partial decay width of d∗ → NNπ is about several hundred KeV, while in the single ∆∆ channel it is just about 2 ∼ 3 MeV. We, therefore, conclude that the partial width in the single-pion decay process of d∗ is much smaller than the widths in its double-pion decay processes. Our prediction may provide a criterion for judging diﬀerent interpretations of the d∗ structure, as diﬀerent pictures for the d∗ may result quite diﬀerent partial decay width.
摘要：We study the excited B mesons' contributions to the coupled-channel e ects under the framework of the 3P0 model for the bottomonium. Contrary to what has been widely accepted, the contributions of P wave B mesons are generally the largest, and to some extent, this result is independent of the potential parameters. We also push the calculation beyond B(1P) and carefully analyze the contributions of B(2S). A form factor is a key ingredient to suppress the contributions of B(2S) for low lying bottomonia. However, this suppression mechanism is not e cient for highly excited bottomonia, such as (5S) and (6S). We give explanations why this di culty happens to the 3P0 model and suggest analyzing the ux-tube breaking model for the full calculation of coupled-channel e ects.
摘要：A detailed theoretical derivation of the cross sections of e+e− → e+e− and e+e− → µ+µ− around the J/ψ resonance is reported. The resonance and interference parts of the cross sections, related to J/ψ resonance parameters, are calculated. Higher-order corrections for vacuum polarization and initial-state radiation are consid-ered. An arbitrary upper limit of radiative correction integration is involved. Full and simpliﬁed versions of analytic formulae are given with precision at the level of 0.1% and 0.2%, respectively. Moreover, the results obtained in the paper can be applied to the case of the ψ(3686) resonance.
摘要：The photon motion in a Michelson interferometer is re-analyzed in both geometrical optics and wave optics. The classical paths of the photons in the background of gravitational wave are derived from Fermat principle, which is the same as the null geodesics in general relativity. The deformed Maxwell equations and the wave equations of electric elds in the background of gravitational wave are presented in at-space approximation. Both methods show that the response of an interferometer depends on the frequency of a gravitational wave, however it is almost independent of the frequency of the mirror's vibrations. It implies that the vibrating mirror cannot mimic a gravitational wave very well.
摘要：We propose a new model to create a light meson in the heavy quarkonium transition, which is inspired by the Nambu−Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model. Hadronic transitions of JPC = 1−− higher char-monia with the emission of an η meson are studied in the framework of the proposed model. The model shows its potential to reproduce the observed decay widths and make predictions for the unobserved channels. We present our predictions for the decay width of Ψ → J/ η and Ψ → hc(1P )η, where Ψ are higher S and D wave vector charmonia, which provide useful references to search for higher char-monia and determine their properties in forthcoming experiments. The predicted branching fraction B( (4415) → hc(1P )η) = 4.62 × 10−4 is one order of magnitude smaller than the J/ η channel. Esti-mates of partial decay width Γ(Y → J/ η) are given for Y (4360), Y (4390) and Y (4660) by assuming them as cc¯ bound states with quantum numbers 33D1, 33D1 and 53S1, respectively. Our results are in favor of these assignments for Y (4360) and Y (4660). The corresponding experimental data for these Y states has large statistical errors which do not provide any constraint on the mixing angle if we introduce S −D mixing. To identify Y (4390), precise measurements on its hadronic branching fraction are required which are eagerly awaited from BESIII.
摘要：Recently the AMS-02 collaboration has published the measurement of the cosmic antiproton to proton ratio p¯/p and the p¯ ﬂux with a high precision up to ∼ 450 GeV. In this work, we perform a systematic analysis of the secondary antiproton ﬂux generated by the cosmic ray interaction with the interstellar gas. The uncertainty of the prediction originates from the cosmic ray propagation process and the hadronic interaction models. Although the cosmic ray propagation parameters have been well controlled by the AMS-02 B/C ratio data for a speciﬁed model, diﬀerent propagation models can not be discriminated by the B/C data. The p¯ ﬂux is also calculated for several hadronic interaction models, which are generally adopted by the cosmic ray community. However, the results for diﬀerent hadronic models do not converge. We ﬁnd the EPOS LHC model, which seems to ﬁt the collider data very well, predicts a slightly lower p¯/p ratio than the AMS-02 data at the high energy end. Finally we derive the constraints on the dark matter annihilation cross section from the AMS-02 p¯/p ratio for diﬀerent propagation and hadronic interaction models.
摘要：Recently, the LIGO Scientiﬁc Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration published the second observation on gravitational wave GW151226 [Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 241103 (2016)] from the binary black hole coalescence with initial masses about 14 M and 8 M. They claimed that the peak gravitational strain was reached at about 450 Hz, the inverse of which has been longer than the average time a photon staying in the Fabry-Perot cavities in two arms. In this case, the phase-diﬀerence of a photon in the two arms due to the propagation of gravitational wave does not always increase as the photon stays in the cavities. It might even be cancelled to zero in extreme cases. When the propagation eﬀect is taken into account, we ﬁnd that the claimed signal GW151226 would almost disappear.
摘要：The AMS-02 has measured the cosmic ray electron (plus positron) spectrum up to ∼TeV with an unprecedent precision. The spectrum can be well described by a power law without any obvious features above 10 GeV. The satellite instrument Dark Matter Particle Explorer (DAMPE), which was launched a year ago, will measure the electron spectrum up to 10 TeV with a high energy resolution. The cosmic electrons beyond TeV may be attributed to few local cosmic ray sources, such as supernova remnants. Therefore, spectral features, such as cutoﬀ and bumps, can be expected at high energies. In this work we give a careful study on the perspective of the electron spectrum beyond TeV. We ﬁrst examine our astrophysical source models on the latest leptonic data of AMS-02 to give a self-consistent picture. Then we focus on the discussion about the candidate sources which could be electron contributors above TeV. Depending on the properties of the local sources (especially on the nature of Vela), DAMPE may detect interesting features in the electron spectrum above TeV in the future.
摘要：Growing evidence reveals universal hardening on various cosmic ray spectra, e.g. proton, positron, as well as antiproton fraction. Such universality may indicate they have a common origin. In this paper, we argue that these widespread excesses can be accounted for by a nearby supernova remnant surrounded by a giant molecular cloud. Secondary cosmic rays (p, e+) are produced through the collisions between the primary cosmic ray nuclei from this supernova remnant and the molecular gas. Different from the background, which is produced by the ensemble of large amount of sources in the Milky Way, the local injected spectrum can be harder. The time-dependent transport of particles would make the propagated spectrum even harder. Under this scenario, the anomalies of both primary (p, e−) and secondary (e+, ¯p/p) cosmic rays can be properly interpreted. We further show that the TeV to sub-PeV anisotropy of proton is consistent with the observations if the local source is relatively young and lying at the anti-Galactic center direction.
摘要：We construct charged black hole solutions with hyperscaling violation in the infrared(IR) region in Einstein-Maxwell-Dilaton-Axion theory and investigate the temperature behavior of the ratio of holographic shear viscosity to the entropy density. When translational symmetry breaking is relevant in the IR, the power law of the ratio is testi ed numerically at low temperature T, namely, =s T , where the values of exponent coincide with the analytical results. We also nd that the exponent is not a ected by irrelevant current, but is reduced by the relevant current.
摘要：In this note we remark that the butterfly effect can be used to diagnose the phase transition of superconductivity in a holographic framework. Speci cally, we compute the butterfly velocity in a charged black hole background as well as anisotropic backgrounds with Q-lattice structure. In both cases we nd its derivative to the temperature is discontinuous at critical points. We also ropose that the butterfly velocity can signalize the occurrence of thermal phase transition in general holographic models.
摘要：If massive neutrinos are Dirac particles, the proposed PTOLEMY experiment will hopefully be able to discover cosmic neutrino background via e+3H ! 3He+e with a capture rate of D 4 yr1. Recently, it has been pointed out that right-handed com-ponents of Dirac neutrinos could also be copiously produced in the early Universe and become an extra thermal or nonthermal ingredient of cosmic relic neutrinos, enhancing the capture rate to D 5:1 yr1 or D 6:1 yr1. In this work, we investigate the possibility to distinguish between thermal and nonthermal spectra of cosmic relic neu-trinos by measuring the annual modulation of the capture rate. For neutrino masses of 0:1 eV, we have found the amplitude of annual modulation in the standard case is M 0:05%, which will be increased to 0:1% and 0:15% in the presence of additional thermal and nonthermal right-handed neutrinos, respectively. The future detection of such a modulation will be helpful in understanding the Majorana or Dirac nature of massive neutrinos.
摘要：The gamma-ray excess observed by the Fermi-LAT in the Galactic Center can be interpreted by the dark matter annihilation to b ¯b via a light pseudoscalar in the NMSSM. It is interesting to note that the corresponding singlet scalar is useful to achieve a strongly first order phase transition required by the electroweak baryogenesis. In this paper, we investigate the possibility that the NMSSM model can simultaneously accommodate these two issues. The phase transition strength can be characterized by the vacua energy gap at zero temperature and be sufficiently enhanced by the tree-level effect in the NMSSM. We find that the annihilation of Singlino/Higgsino DM particles occurring close to the light pseudoscalar resonance is favored by the galactic center excess and the observed DM relic density, and a resulting small κ/λ and a negative Aκ can also lead to a successful strongly first order electroweak phase transition
摘要：τ lepton is one of three chareged leptons in nature, the measurements of its mass have been performed since its discovery. The present relative accuracy is already at the level of 10−4; more factors are still being studied in order to increase the accuracy. However, the available techniques for analysis and expectable luminosity from e+e− collider indicate that the precision upper limit of τ mass is almost reached, which means that brand new approaches should be looked for if the great improvement is yearned for.