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1. chinaXiv:202107.00032 [pdf]

The Relationships among Structural Social Support, Functional Social Support, and Loneliness in Older Adults: Analysis of Regional Differences based on a Multigroup Structural Equation Model

Haifeng Li; Cong Wang
Subjects: Psychology >> Social Psychology

Objective: This study investigated the relationship between structural social support and loneliness and explored whether functional social support had an intermediate role therein. It also employed a multigroup structural equation model to compare mediation models among older adults living in cities, towns, and rural areas. Methods: Using a self-made demographics questionnaire, the structural-functional social support scale, and the 3-item UCLA loneliness scale, this study collected information from 1,325 older adults identified via convenience sampling. Results: The results showed that: (1) compared with older adults living in towns, older urban and rural adults had higher structural social support and experienced less loneliness, while older adults’ functional social support showed no difference among the three regions (2) An analysis of the models of regional differences indicated that functional social support served as a full mediator in the relationship between structural social support and loneliness in urban older adults, and a partial mediator for older adults living in towns and rural areas. Conclusion: The relationship between structural social support and loneliness is mediated by functional social support, and this mediation model varies between older adults in cities and towns/rural areas. This study helps us understand possible mechanisms through which structural social support impacts loneliness. It suggests that nursing strategies for older adults should be adjusted according to region and direct greater focus on the function (or quality) of the social support network and on older adults living in towns.

submitted time 2021-09-09 Hits3676Downloads351 Comment 0

2. chinaXiv:202107.00032 [pdf]

The Relationships among Structural Social Support, Functional Social Support, and Loneliness in Older Adults: Analysis of Regional Differences based on a Multigroup Structural Equation Model

Haifeng Li; Cong Wang
Subjects: Psychology >> Social Psychology

Objective: This study investigated the relationship between structural social support and loneliness and explored whether functional social support had an intermediate role therein. It also employed a multigroup structural equation model to compare mediation models among older adults living in cities, towns, and rural areas. Methods: Using a self-made demographics questionnaire, the structural-functional social support scale, and the 3-item UCLA loneliness scale, this study collected information from 1,325 older adults identified via convenience sampling. Results: The results showed that: (1) compared with older adults living in towns, older urban and rural adults had higher structural social support and experienced less loneliness, while older adults’ functional social support showed no difference among the three regions (2) An analysis of the models of regional differences indicated that functional social support served as a full mediator in the relationship between structural social support and loneliness in urban older adults, and a partial mediator for older adults living in towns and rural areas. Conclusion: The relationship between structural social support and loneliness is mediated by functional social support, and this mediation model varies between older adults in cities and towns/rural areas. This study helps us understand possible mechanisms through which structural social support impacts loneliness. It suggests that nursing strategies for older adults should be adjusted according to region and direct greater focus on the function (or quality) of the social support network and on older adults living in towns.

submitted time 2021-07-25 Hits950Downloads317 Comment 0

3. chinaXiv:202107.00030 [pdf]

How Chinese children’s filial piety beliefs affect their parents’ life satisfaction and loneliness: The serial mediating effect of the intergenerational transmission of social support based on a parent-child pair design

Xiaoqian Zheng; Haifeng Li
Subjects: Psychology >> Other Disciplines of Psychology

Guided by the dual filial piety model and socioemotional selectivity theory, this study explores the underlying mechanism of how adult children’s filial piety beliefs affect their parent’s life satisfaction and loneliness. A total of 350 pairs of parent-child data were collected through a parent-child pair design. Results show that emotional support provided by adult children and emotional support perceived by parents fully mediated the relationship between children’s reciprocal filial piety belief and parents’ life satisfaction (β = 0.048, 95% CI: 0.021, 0.081) and loneliness (β = -0.050, 95% CI: -0.083, -0.024), and partially mediated the relationship between children’s authoritarian filial piety belief and parental life satisfaction (β = 0.028, 95% CI: 0.010, 0.051) and loneliness (β = -0.030, 95% CI: -0.053, -0.015). This finding suggests that to improve parental well-being, adult Chinese children should not only cultivate their filial piety, but also pay close attention to their parents’ emotional needs.

submitted time 2021-07-24 Hits1525Downloads207 Comment 0

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