• TE and TM Modes in Metallic Waveguide Filled With a Lossless and Fully Anisotropic Medium

    分类: 光学 >> 量子光学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要: This letter gives a condition for the existence of the pure TE and TM modes in the metallic waveguide filled with a homogeneous, fully anisotropic and lossless medium. The condition is a relation between the permittivity and permeability tensors of the fully anisotropic medium. The theory given in the letter is the extension of the classic electromagnetic waveguide theory. At last, we employ the commercial software COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate the metallic waveguide problem filled with a homogeneous, fully anisotropic and lossless medium. Numerical experiment shows that the condition supported in the letter does confirm the existence of the pure TE and TM modes in the anisotropic waveguide.

  • Knee structure in the laser intensity dependence of high-order harmonic generations for graphene

    分类: 光学 >> 量子光学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要: We investigate the high-order harmonic generations (HHGs) of graphene irradiated by linearly polarized lasers with intensities in a wide range from $10^{8}$ W/cm$^2$ to $10^{13}$ W/cm$^2$. We find a striking knee structure in the laser intensity dependence of HHGs, which consists of a linear growth regime, followed by a plateau of the saturated HHGs, and then a transition to a nonlinear growth. The knee structure is rather universal for the varied harmonic orders and has been certificated by the calculations of two-band density-matrix equations as well as the \textit{ab initio} calculations of time-dependent density functional theory. Based on the two-band model, we reveal the underlying mechanisms: The behavior of linear growth can be depicted analytically by the perturbative theory of optical conductivity; While, the plateau of saturated HHGs and the transition to a nonlinear growth are caused by the quantum destructive interference and constructive interference of harmonics generated by the electrons corresponding to the lattice momentums around Dirac points and M points in Brillouin zone, respectively. In particular, we find that tuning Fermi energy can effectively alter the knee structure while the profile of the knee structure is not sensitive to the temperature. Our calculations of the third-order harmonic vs. tuning Fermi energy are compared with recent experiment showing a good agreement. Our predicted knee structure and its associated properties are observable with the current experimental techniques.

  • Cyclotron dynamics of a Bose-Einstein condensate in a quadruple-well potential with synthetic gauge fields

    分类: 光学 >> 量子光学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要: We investigate the cyclotron dynamics of Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) in a quadruple-well potential with synthetic gauge fields. We use laser-assisted tunneling to generate large tunable effective magnetic fields for BEC. The mean position of BEC follows an orbit that simulated the cyclotron orbits of charged particles in a magnetic field. In the absence of atomic interaction, atom dynamics may exhibit periodic or quasi-periodic cyclotron orbits. In the presence of atomic interaction, the system may exhibit self-trapping, which depends on synthetic gauge fields and atomic interaction strength. In particular, the competition between synthetic gauge fields and atomic interaction leads to the generation of several discontinuous parameter windows for the transition to self-trapping, which is obviously different from that without synthetic gauge fields.

  • Robust optical frequency transfer in a noisy urban fiber network

    分类: 光学 >> 量子光学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要: Optical fibers have been recognized as one of the most promising host material for high phase coherence optical frequency transfer over thousands of kilometers. In the pioneering work, the active phase noise cancellation (ANC) technique has been widely used for suppressing the fiber phase noise introduced by the environmental perturbations, in which an ideal phase detector with high resolution and unlimited detection range is needed to extract the fiber phase noise, in particular for noisy fiber links. We demonstrate the passive phase noise cancellation (PNC) technique without the need of phase detector could be preferable for noisy fiber links. To avoid the effect of the radio frequency (RF) from the time base at the local site in the conventional active or passive phase noise cancellation techniques, here we introduce a fiber-pigtailed acousto-optic modulator (AOM) with two diffraction order outputs (0 and +1 order) with properly allocating the AOM-driving frequencies allowing to cancel the time base effect. Using this technique, we demonstrate transfer of coherent light through a 260 km noisy urban fiber link. The results show the effect of the RF reference can be successfully removed. After being passively compensated, {we demonstrate a fractional frequency instability of $4.9\times10^{-14}$ at the integration time of 1 s and scales down to $10^{-20}$ level at 10,000 s in terms of modified Allan deviation over the 260 km noisy urban fiber link}. The frequency uncertainty of the retrieved light after transferring through this noise-compensated fiber link relative to that of the input light achieves $(0.41\pm4.7)\times10^{-18}$. The proposed technique opens a way to a broad distribution of an ultrastable frequency reference with high coherence without any effects coming from the RF reference and enables a wide range of applications beyond metrology over fiber networks.

  • Accurate Mode-Coupling Characterization of Low-Crosstalk Ring-Core Fibers using Integral Calculation based Swept-Wavelength Interferometry Measurement

    分类: 光学 >> 量子光学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要: In this paper, to accurately characterize the low inter-mode coupling of the weakly-coupled few mode fibers (FMFs), we propose a modified inter-mode coupling characterization method based on swept-wavelength interferometry measurement, in which an integral calculation approach is used to eliminate significant sources of error that may lead to underestimation of the power coupling coefficient. Using the proposed characterization method, a low-crosstalk ring-core fiber (RCF) with low mode dependent loss (MDL) and with single span length up to 100 km is experimentally measured to have low power coupling coefficients between high-order orbital angular momentum (OAM) mode groups of below -30 dB/km over C band. The measured low coupling coefficients based on the proposed method are verified by the direct system power measurements, proving the feasibility and reliability of the proposed inter-mode coupling characterization method.

  • Heavy ion energy influence on multiple-cell upsets in small sensitive volumes: From standard to high energies

    分类: 物理学 >> 核物理学 提交时间: 2024-02-29

    摘要: The 28nm process has a high cost-performance ratio and has gradually become the standard for the fieldof radiation-hardened devices. However, owing to the minimum physical gate length of only 35nm, the physicalarea of a standard 6T SRAM unit is approximately 0.16 μm2, resulting in a significant enhancement ofmulti-cell charge-sharing effects. Multiple-cell upsets (MCUs) have become the primary physical mechanismbehind single-event upsets (SEUs) in advanced nanometer node devices. The range of ionization track effectsincreases with higher ion energies, and spacecraft in orbit primarily experience SEUs caused by high-energyions. However, ground accelerator experiments have mainly obtained low-energy ion irradiation data. Therefore,the impact of ion energy on the SEU cross-section, charge collection mechanisms, and MCU patterns andquantities in advanced nanometer devices remains unclear. In this study, based on the experimental platformof the Heavy Ion Research Facility in Lanzhou (HIRFL), low- and high-energy heavy-ion beams were usedto study the SEUs of 28nm SRAM devices. The influence of ion energy on the charge collection processesof small-sensitive-volume devices, MCU patterns, and upset cross-sections was obtained, and the applicablerange of the inverse-cosine law was clarified. The findings of this study are an important guide for the accurateevaluation of SEUs in advanced nanometer devices and for the development of radiation-hardening techniques.