分类： 地球科学 >> 地理学 提交时间： 2021-09-08 合作期刊: 《干旱区科学》
摘要：Plastic mulched ridge-furrow irrigation is a useful method to improve crop productivity and decrease salt accumulation in arid saline areas. However, inappropriate irrigation and fertilizer practices may result in ecological and environmental problems. In order to improve the resource use efficiency in these areas, we investigated the effects of different irrigation amounts (400 (I1), 300 (I2) and 200 (I3) mm) and nitrogen application rates (300 (F1) and 150 (F2) kg N/hm2) on water consumption, salt variation and resource use efficiency of spring maize (Zea mays L.) in the Hetao Irrigation District (HID) of Northwest China in 2017 and 2018. Result showed that soil water contents were 0.2%–8.9% and 13.9%–18.1% lower for I2 and I3 than for I1, respectively, but that was slightly higher for F2 than for F1. Soil salt contents were 7.8%–23.5% and 48.5%–48.9% lower for I2 than for I1 and I3, but that was 1.6%–5.5% higher for F1 than for F2. Less salt leaching at the early growth stage (from sowing to six-leaf stage) and higher salt accumulation at the peak growth stage (from six-leaf to tasseling stage and from grain-filling to maturity stage) resulted in a higher soil salt content for I3 than for I1 and I2. Grain yields for I1 and I2 were significantly higher than that for I3 and irrigation water use efficiency for I2 was 14.7%–34.0% higher than that for I1. Compared with F1, F2 increased the partial factor productivity (PFP) of nitrogen fertilizer by more than 80%. PFP was not significantly different between I1F2 and I2F2, but significantly higher than those of other treatments. Considering the goal of saving water and nitrogen resources, and ensuring food security, we recommended the combination of I2F2 to ensure the sustainable development of agriculture in the HID and other similar arid saline areas.
分类： 物理学 >> 基本粒子与场物理学 提交时间： 2017-08-05
摘要：Twisted sectors arise naturally in the bosonic higher spin CFTs at their free points, as well as in the associated symmetric orbifolds. We identify the coset representations of the twisted sector states using the description of W_\infty representations in terms of plane partitions. We confirm these proposals by a microscopic null-vector analysis, and by matching the excitation spectrum of these representations with the orbifold prediction.
分类： 物理学 >> 基本粒子与场物理学 提交时间： 2017-08-05
摘要：The relation between the bosonic higher spin W∞[λ] algebra, the affine Yangian of gl1, and the SHc algebra is established in detail. For generic λ we find explicit expressions for the low-lying W∞[λ] modes in terms of the affine Yangian generators, and deduce from this the precise identification between λ and the parameters of the affine Yangian. Furthermore, for the free field cases corresponding to λ=0 and λ=1 we give closed-form expressions for the affine Yangian generators in terms of the free fields. Interestingly, the relation between the W∞ modes and those of the affine Yangian is a non-local one, in general. We also establish the explicit dictionary between the affine Yangian and the SHc generators. Given that Yangian algebras are the hallmark of integrability, these identifications should pave the way towards uncovering the relation between the integrable and the higher spin symmetries.
分类： 物理学 >> 核物理学 提交时间： 2016-09-14
摘要： In order to improve the particle identification capability of the Beijing Spectrometer III (BESIII),t is proposed to upgrade the current endcap time-of-flight (ETOF) detector with multi-gap resistive plate chamber (MRPC) technology. Aiming at extending ETOF overall time resolution better than 100ps, the whole system including MRPC detectors, new-designed Front End Electronics (FEE), CLOCK module, fast control boards and time to digital modules (TDIG), was built up and operated online 3 months under the cosmic ray. The main purposes of cosmic ray test are checking the detectors' construction quality, testing the joint operation of all instruments and guaranteeing the performance of the system. The results imply MRPC time resolution better than 100ps, efficiency is about 98%燼nd the noise rate of strip is lower than 1Hz/(scm2) at normal threshold range, the details are discussed and analyzed specifically in this paper. The test indicates that the whole ETOF system would work well and satisfy the requirements of upgrade.
分类： 物理学 >> 核物理学 提交时间： 2016-09-01
摘要：It is proposed to upgrade the endcap time-of-flight (ETOF) of the Beijing Spectrometer III (BESIII) with multi-gap resistive plate chamber (MRPC), aiming at overall time resolution about 80 ps. After the entire electronics system is ready, some experiments, such as heat radiating, irradiation hardness and large-current beam tests,are carried out to certify the electronics' reliability and stability. The on-detector test of the electronics is also performed with the beam at BEPCII E3 line, the test results indicate that the electronics system fulfills its design requirements.
分类： 生物学 >> 生物物理学 >> 生物物理、生物化学与分子生物学 提交时间： 2016-05-12
摘要：The architecture and structural details of chromatin assembler, chromatin modifier, and chromatin remodeler, and their complexes with nucleosome and chromatin, are critical for revealing the molecular mechanisms for the establishment, maintenance and regulation of epigenetic information. The fast-developing cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) provides an indispensible tool for the structure determiantion of the huge, multi-subunits, and flexible epigenetic regulation related macromolecular assemblies. In this review, we summarized the recent progresses on EM structural studies of macromolecules and complexes relating to epigenetic regulation.