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1. chinaXiv:202109.00017 [pdf]

Diversity of cultivable endophytic bacteria associated with halophytes in Xinjiang of China and their plant beneficial traits

LI Li; GAO Lei; LIU Yonghong; FANG Baozhu; HUANG Yin; Osama A A MOHAMAD; Dilfuza EGAMBERDIEVA; LI Wenjun; MA Jinbiao
Subjects: Geosciences >> Geography

Endophytic bacteria from halophytes have a wide range of application prospects in various fields, such as plant growth-promoting, biocontrol activity and stress resistance. The current study aimed to identify cultivable endophytic bacteria associated with halophytes grown in the salt-affected soil in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China and to evaluate their plant beneficial traits and enzyme-producing activity. Endophytic bacteria were isolated from Reaumuria soongorica (PalL Maxim.), Artemisia carvifolia (Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb. Hort. Beng.), Peganum harmala L. and Suaeda dendroides (C. A. Mey. Moq.) by using the cultural-dependent method. Then we classified these bacteria based on the difference between their sequences of 16S rRNA (16S ribosomal RNA) gene. Results showed that the isolated bacteria from R. soongorica belonged to the genera Brucella, Bacillus and Variovorax. The bacteria from A. carvifolia belonged to the genera Micromonospora and Brucella. The bacteria from P. harmala belonged to the genera Paramesorhizobium, Bacillus and Peribacillus. The bacteria from S. dendroides belonged to the genus Bacillus. Notably, the genus Bacillus was detected in the three above plants, indicating that Bacillus is a common taxon of endophytic bacteria in halophytes. And, our results found that about 37.50% of the tested strains showed strong protease-producing activity, 6.25% of the tested strains showed strong cellulase-producing activity and 12.50% of the tested strains showed moderate lipase-producing activity. Besides, all isolated strains were positive for IAA (3-Indoleacetic acid) production, 31.25% of isolated strains exhibited a moderate phosphate solubilization activity and 50.00% of isolated strains exhibited a weak siderophore production activity. Our findings suggest that halophytes are valuable resources for identifying microbes with the ability to increase host plant growth and health in salt-affected soils.

submitted time 2021-09-08 Cooperative journals:《Journal of Arid Land》 Hits2554Downloads388 Comment 0

2. chinaXiv:201703.00912 [pdf]

Highly Efficient Electron Transport Obtained by Doping PCBM with Graphdiyne in Planar-Heterojunction Perovskite Solar Cells

Chaoyang Kuang, Gang Tang, Tonggang Jiu, Hui Yang,Huibiao Liu, Bairu Li,Weining Luo,Xiaodong Li, Wenjun Zhang, Fushen Lu, Junfeng Fang,and Yuliang Li
Subjects: Physics >> General Physics: Statistical and Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Information, etc.

Organic?inorganic perovskite solar cells have recently emerged at the forefront of photovoltaics research. Here, for the first time, graphdiyne (GD), a novel two dimension carbon material, is doped into PCBM layer of perovskite solar cell with an inverted structure (ITO/PEDOT:PSS/CH3NH3PbI3?xClx/PCBM:GD/C60/Al) to improve the electron transport. The optimized PCE of 14.8% was achieved. Also, an average power conversion efficiency (PCE) of PCBM:GD-based devices was observed with 28.7% enhancement (13.9% vs 10.8%) compared to that of pure PCBM-based ones. According to scanning electron microscopy, conductive atomic force microscopy, space charge limited current, and photoluminescence quenching measurements, the enhanced current density and fill factor of PCBM:GD-based devices were ascribed to the better coverage on the perovskite layer, improved electrical conductivity, strong electron mobility, and efficient charge extraction. Small hysteresis and stable power output under working condition (14.4%) have also been demonstrated for PCBM:GD based devices. The enhanced device performances indicated the improvement of film conductivity and interfacial coverage based on GD doping which brought the high PCE of the devices and the data repeatability. In this work, GD demonstrates its great potential for applications in photovoltaic field owing to its networks with delocalized π-systems and unique conductivity advantage.

submitted time 2017-03-29 Hits961Downloads590 Comment 0

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