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  • Binary fractions of G and K dwarf stars based on the Gaia EDR3 and LAMOST DR5: impacts of the

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要:Basing on the large volume \textit{Gaia} Early Data Release 3 and LAMOST Data Release 5 data, we estimate the bias-corrected binary fractions of the field late G and early K dwarfs. A stellar locus outlier method is used in this work, which works well for binaries of various periods and inclination angles with single epoch data. With a well-selected, distance-limited sample of about 90 thousand GK dwarfs covering wide stellar chemical abundances, it enables us to explore the binary fraction variations with different stellar populations. The average binary fraction is 0.42$\pm$0.01 for the whole sample. Thin disk stars are found to have a binary fraction of 0.39$\pm$0.02, thick disk stars own a higher one of 0.49$\pm$0.02, while inner halo stars possibly own the highest binary fraction. For both the thin and thick disk stars, the binary fractions decrease toward higher [Fe/H], [$\alpha$/H], and [M/H] abundances. However, the suppressing impacts of the [Fe/H], [$\alpha$/H], and [M/H] are more significant for the thin disk stars than those for the thick disk stars. For a given [Fe/H], a positive correlation between [$\alpha$/Fe] and the binary fraction is found for the thin disk stars. However, this tendency disappears for the thick disk stars. We suspect that it is likely related to the different formation histories of the thin and thick disks. Our results provide new clues for theoretical works on binary formation.

  • Fundamental parameters for dEB SB2 binary system J064726.39+223431.6

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要:We present a study of eclipsing binary J064726.39+223431.6 using spectra from the LAMOST-MRS and TESS photometry. We use full-spectrum fitting to derive radial velocities and spectral parameters: ${T_{\rm eff}}_{A,B}=6177,\,5820$ K, $v \sin{i}_{A,B}=59,\,50~\kms$ and ${\rm [Fe/H]}_{A,B}=-0.19$ dex. The orbital solution and light curve analysis suggest that it is a close pair of fast rotating stars on circular orbit. We measure their masses to be $M_{A,B}=1.307\pm0.007,\, 1.129\pm0.005\,M_\odot$ and their radii to be $R_{A,B}=1.405\pm0.052,\, 1.219\pm0.060\,R_\odot$ resulting in surface gravities of $\log{g}_{A,B}=4.259\pm0.033,\,4.319\pm0.042$ (cgs). Theoretical models cannot match all of these properties, predicting significantly higher ${T_{\rm eff}}$ for a given metallicity. Derived age of the system 1.56 Gyr indicates that both components are younger than Sun, which contradicts to much longer orbit's circularisation timescale.

  • Stellar chromospheric activities revealed from the LAMOST-K2 time-domain survey

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要:By using the LAMOST time-domain survey data, we study stellar activities based on the $\rm{H_{\alpha}}$ lines for about 2000 stars in four $K$2 plates. Two indices, $R_{\rm{H\alpha}}^{'}$ and $R_{\rm{H\alpha}}^{+}$, are computed from LAMOST spectra, the former of which is derived by excluding the photospheric contributions to the $\rm{H_{\alpha}}$ lines, while the latter is derived by further subtracting the non-dynamo driven chromospheric emission. Meanwhile, the periodicity and variation amplitudes are computed from \emph{K2} light curves. Both the $R_{\rm{H\alpha}}^{'}$-Ro relation and $R_{\rm{H\alpha}}^{+}$-Ro relation show complicated profiles in the non-saturated decay region. Hot stars show flatter slopes and higher activity level than cool stars, and the behaviour is more notable in the $R_{\rm{H\alpha}}^{+}$-$R_{o}$ relation. This is consistent with recent studies using other activity proxies, including $L_{\rm{x}}/L_{\rm{bol}}$, $R_{\rm{HK}}^{'}$ and amplitudes of optical light curves. % This may suggest different kinds of stars follow different power laws in the decay region. Most of our targets have multiple observations, and some of them exhibit significant variability of ${\rm{H\alpha}}$ emissions, which may cause the large scatters shown in the decay region. We find three targets exhibiting positive correlation in rotational phase, possibly indicating that their optical light curves are dominated by hot faculae rather than cool starspots.

  • Stellar chromospheric activities revealed from the LAMOST-K2 time-domain survey

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要:By using the LAMOST time-domain survey data, we study stellar activities based on the $\rm{H_{\alpha}}$ lines for about 2000 stars in four $K$2 plates. Two indices, $R_{\rm{H\alpha}}^{'}$ and $R_{\rm{H\alpha}}^{+}$, are computed from LAMOST spectra, the former of which is derived by excluding the photospheric contributions to the $\rm{H_{\alpha}}$ lines, while the latter is derived by further subtracting the non-dynamo driven chromospheric emission. Meanwhile, the periodicity and variation amplitudes are computed from \emph{K2} light curves. Both the $R_{\rm{H\alpha}}^{'}$-Ro relation and $R_{\rm{H\alpha}}^{+}$-Ro relation show complicated profiles in the non-saturated decay region. Hot stars show flatter slopes and higher activity level than cool stars, and the behaviour is more notable in the $R_{\rm{H\alpha}}^{+}$-$R_{o}$ relation. This is consistent with recent studies using other activity proxies, including $L_{\rm{x}}/L_{\rm{bol}}$, $R_{\rm{HK}}^{'}$ and amplitudes of optical light curves. % This may suggest different kinds of stars follow different power laws in the decay region. Most of our targets have multiple observations, and some of them exhibit significant variability of ${\rm{H\alpha}}$ emissions, which may cause the large scatters shown in the decay region. We find three targets exhibiting positive correlation in rotational phase, possibly indicating that their optical light curves are dominated by hot faculae rather than cool starspots.

  • Searching for Compact Object Candidates from LAMOST Time-Domain Survey of Four K2 Plates

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要:The time-domain (TD) surveys of the Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST) yield high-cadence radial velocities, paving a new avenue to study binary systems including compact objects. In this work, we explore LAMOST TD spectroscopic data of four K2 plates and present a sample of six single-lined spectroscopic binaries that may contain compact objects. We conduct analyses using phase-resolved radial velocity measurements of the visible star, to characterize each source and to infer the properties of invisible companion. By fitting the radial velocity curves for the six targets, we obtain accurate orbital periods, ranging from $\sim$ (0.6-6) days, and radial velocity semi-amplitudes, ranging from $\sim$ (50-130) km s$^{-1}$. We calculate the mass function of the unseen companions to be between 0.08 and 0.17 $M_{\odot}$. Based on the mass function and the estimated stellar parameters of the visible star, we determine the minimum mass of the hidden star. Three targets, J034813, J063350, and J064850, show ellipsoidal variability in the light curves from K2, ZTF, and TESS surveys. Therefore, we can put constraints on the mass of the invisible star using the ellipsoidal variability. We identify no X-ray counterparts for these targets except for J085120, of which the X-ray emission can be ascribed to stellar activity. We note that the nature of these six candidates is worth further characterization utilizing multi-wavelength follow-up observations.

  • Searching for Compact Object Candidates from LAMOST Time-Domain Survey of Four K2 Plates

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要:The time-domain (TD) surveys of the Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST) yield high-cadence radial velocities, paving a new avenue to study binary systems including compact objects. In this work, we explore LAMOST TD spectroscopic data of four K2 plates and present a sample of six single-lined spectroscopic binaries that may contain compact objects. We conduct analyses using phase-resolved radial velocity measurements of the visible star, to characterize each source and to infer the properties of invisible companion. By fitting the radial velocity curves for the six targets, we obtain accurate orbital periods, ranging from $\sim$ (0.6-6) days, and radial velocity semi-amplitudes, ranging from $\sim$ (50-130) km s$^{-1}$. We calculate the mass function of the unseen companions to be between 0.08 and 0.17 $M_{\odot}$. Based on the mass function and the estimated stellar parameters of the visible star, we determine the minimum mass of the hidden star. Three targets, J034813, J063350, and J064850, show ellipsoidal variability in the light curves from K2, ZTF, and TESS surveys. Therefore, we can put constraints on the mass of the invisible star using the ellipsoidal variability. We identify no X-ray counterparts for these targets except for J085120, of which the X-ray emission can be ascribed to stellar activity. We note that the nature of these six candidates is worth further characterization utilizing multi-wavelength follow-up observations.

  • Discovery of one neutron star candidate from radial velocity monitoring

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要:We report the discovery of one possible neutron star binary ($P_{\rm orb} =$ 0.8666 day) by using the LAMOST low-resolution spectroscopic data. The visible companion is a late A-type dwarf ($T_{\rm eff} = 7900 \pm 200$ K; log$g$ $=$ 4.3$\pm$0.2; $M =$ 1.7$\pm$0.1 M$_{\odot}$; $R\ =\ 1.7\pm0.2$ R$_{\odot}$), at a distance of 1.11$\pm0.03$ kpc. No double-lined feature can be seen from the GTC/HORuS high-resolution spectra, thus the radial velocity variation indicates an invisible object hiding in the binary. The system's optical light curves show clear ellipsoidal variability, suggesting that the visible companion is tidal distorted. By fitting the multi-band light curves with the ELC and WD codes, we constrain the mass of the invisible star to be 1.1--1.3 M$_{\odot}$. Spectral disentangling shows no additional component with optical absorption spectra, supporting the system contains one compact object. No X-ray or UV emission are detected in the ROSAT archive observations. Therefore, we suspect the invisible object is more likely a neutron star rather than a white dwarf. Our finding suggests the ability of LAMOST spectroscopic survey to discover X-ray quiescent compact objects.

  • Discovery of one neutron star candidate from radial velocity monitoring

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要:We report the discovery of one possible neutron star binary ($P_{\rm orb} =$ 0.8666 day) by using the LAMOST low-resolution spectroscopic data. The visible companion is a late A-type dwarf ($T_{\rm eff} = 7900 \pm 200$ K; log$g$ $=$ 4.3$\pm$0.2; $M =$ 1.7$\pm$0.1 M$_{\odot}$; $R\ =\ 1.7\pm0.2$ R$_{\odot}$), at a distance of 1.11$\pm0.03$ kpc. No double-lined feature can be seen from the GTC/HORuS high-resolution spectra, thus the radial velocity variation indicates an invisible object hiding in the binary. The system's optical light curves show clear ellipsoidal variability, suggesting that the visible companion is tidal distorted. By fitting the multi-band light curves with the ELC and WD codes, we constrain the mass of the invisible star to be 1.1--1.3 M$_{\odot}$. Spectral disentangling shows no additional component with optical absorption spectra, supporting the system contains one compact object. No X-ray or UV emission are detected in the ROSAT archive observations. Therefore, we suspect the invisible object is more likely a neutron star rather than a white dwarf. Our finding suggests the ability of LAMOST spectroscopic survey to discover X-ray quiescent compact objects.

  • A new post-hoc flat field measurement method for the Solar X-ray and Extreme Ultraviolet Imager

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要:The extreme ultraviolet (EUV) observations are widely used in solar activity research and space weather forecasting since they can observe both the solar eruptions and the source regions of the solar wind. Flat field processing is indispensable to remove the instrumental non-uniformity of a solar EUV imager in producing high-quality scientific data from original observed data. Fengyun-3E (FY-3E) is a meteorological satellite operated in Sun-synchronous orbit, and the routine EUV imaging data from the Solar X-ray and Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (X-EUVI) onboard FY-3E has the characteristics of concentric rotation. Taking advantage of the concentric rotation, we propose a post-hoc flat field measurement method for its EUV 195 channel in this paper. This method removes small-scale and time-varying component of the coronal activities by taking the median value for each pixel along the time axis of a concentric rotation data cube, and then derives large-scale and invariable component of the quiet coronal radiation, and finally generates a flat field image. Analysis shows that our method is able to measure the instrumental spot-like non-uniformity possibly caused by contamination on the detector, which mostly disappears after the in-orbit self-cleaning process. It can also measure the quasi-periodic grid-like non-uniformity, possibly from the obscuration of the support mesh on the rear filter. After flat field correction, these instrumental non-uniformities from the original data are effectively removed. X-EUVI 195 data after dark and flat field corrections are consistent with the 193 channel data from SDO/AIA, verifying the suitability of the method. Our method is not only suitable for FY-3E/X-EUVI but also a candidate method for the flat field measurement of future solar EUV telescopes.

  • Three-dimensional Propagation of the Global EUV Wave associated with a solar eruption on 2021

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要:We present a case study for the global extreme ultraviolet (EUV) wave and its chromospheric counterpart `Moreton-Ramsey wave' associated with the second X-class flare in Solar Cycle 25 and a halo coronal mass ejection (CME). The EUV wave was observed in the H$\alpha$ and EUV passbands with different characteristic temperatures. In the 171 {\AA} and 193/195 {\AA} images, the wave propagates circularly with an initial velocity of 600-720 km s$^{-1}$ and a deceleration of 110-320 m s$^{-2}$. The local coronal plasma is heated from log(T/K)=5.9 to log(T/K)=6.2 during the passage of the wavefront. The H$\alpha$ and 304 {\AA} images also reveal signatures of wave propagation with a velocity of 310-540 km s$^{-1}$. With multi-wavelength and dual-perspective observations, we found that the wavefront likely propagates forwardly inclined to the solar surface with a tilt angle of ~53.2$^{\circ}$. Our results suggest that this EUV wave is a fast-mode magnetohydrodynamic wave or shock driven by the expansion of the associated CME, whose wavefront is likely a dome-shaped structure that could impact the upper chromosphere, transition region and corona.

  • Detecting and Monitoring Tidal Dissipation of Hot Jupiters in the Era of SiTian

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要:Transit Timing Variation (TTV) of hot Jupiters provides direct observational evidence of planet tidal dissipation. Detecting tidal dissipation through TTV needs high precision transit timings and long timing baselines. In this work, we predict and discuss the potential scientific contribution of SiTian Survey in detecting and analyzing exoplanet TTV. We develop a tidal dissipation detection pipeline for SiTian Survey that aims at time-domain astronomy with 72 1-meter optical telescopes. The pipeline includes the modules of light curve deblending, transit timing obtaining, and TTV modeling. SiTian is capable to detect more than 25,000 exoplanets among which we expect $\sim$50 sources showing evidence of tidal dissipation. We present detection and analysis of tidal dissipating targets, based on simulated SiTian light curves of XO-3b and WASP-161b. The transit light curve modeling gives consistent results within 1$\sigma$ to input values of simulated light curves. Also, the parameter uncertainties predicted by Monte-Carlo Markov Chain are consistent with the distribution obtained from simulating and modeling the light curve 1000 times. The timing precision of SiTian observations is $\sim$ 0.5 minutes with one transit visit. We show that differences between TTV origins, e.g., tidal dissipation, apsidal precession, multiple planets, would be significant, considering the timing precision and baseline. The detection rate of tidal dissipating hot Jupiters would answer a crucial question of whether the planet migrates at an early formation stage or random stages due to perturbations, e.g., planet scattering, secular interaction. SiTian identified targets would be constructive given that the sample would extend tenfold.

  • A White Dwarf-Main Sequence Binary Unveiled by Time-Domain Observations from LAMOST and TESS

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要:We report a single-lined white dwarf-main sequence binary system, LAMOST J172900.17+652952.8, which is discovered by LAMOST's medium resolution time-domain surveys. The radial velocity semi-amplitude and orbital period of the optical visible star are measured by using the Palomar 200-inch telescope follow-up observations and the light curves from TESS. Thus the mass function of the invisible candidate white dwarf is derived, $f(M_{\rm{2}}) = 0.120\,\pm\,0.003\,M_{\odot}$. The mass of the visible star is measured based on the spectral energy distribution fitting, $M_{\mathrm{1}}$ = $0.81^{+0.07}_{-0.06}\,M_{\odot}$. Hence, the mass of its invisible companion is $M_{\rm{2}}\,\gtrsim\,0.63\,M_{\odot}$. The companion ought to be a compact object rather than a main-sequence star owing to the mass ratio $q = M_{\rm{2}} / M_{\rm 1} \gtrsim 0.78$ and the single-lined spectra. The compact object is likely to be a white dwarf except for small inclination angle, $i\,\lesssim\,40^{\circ}$. By using the GALEX NUV flux, the effective temperature of the white dwarf candidate is constrained as $T_{\rm eff}^{\rm WD}\,\lesssim\,12000-13500$ K. It is difficult to detect white dwarfs which are outshone by their bright companions via single-epoch optical spectroscopic surveys. Therefore, the optical time-domain surveys can play an important role in unveiling invisible white dwarfs and other compact objects in binaries.

  • A White Dwarf-Main Sequence Binary Unveiled by Time-Domain Observations from LAMOST and TESS

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要:We report a single-lined white dwarf-main sequence binary system, LAMOST J172900.17+652952.8, which is discovered by LAMOST's medium resolution time-domain surveys. The radial velocity semi-amplitude and orbital period of the optical visible star are measured by using the Palomar 200-inch telescope follow-up observations and the light curves from TESS. Thus the mass function of the invisible candidate white dwarf is derived, $f(M_{\rm{2}}) = 0.120\,\pm\,0.003\,M_{\odot}$. The mass of the visible star is measured based on the spectral energy distribution fitting, $M_{\mathrm{1}}$ = $0.81^{+0.07}_{-0.06}\,M_{\odot}$. Hence, the mass of its invisible companion is $M_{\rm{2}}\,\gtrsim\,0.63\,M_{\odot}$. The companion ought to be a compact object rather than a main-sequence star owing to the mass ratio $q = M_{\rm{2}} / M_{\rm 1} \gtrsim 0.78$ and the single-lined spectra. The compact object is likely to be a white dwarf except for small inclination angle, $i\,\lesssim\,40^{\circ}$. By using the GALEX NUV flux, the effective temperature of the white dwarf candidate is constrained as $T_{\rm eff}^{\rm WD}\,\lesssim\,12000-13500$ K. It is difficult to detect white dwarfs which are outshone by their bright companions via single-epoch optical spectroscopic surveys. Therefore, the optical time-domain surveys can play an important role in unveiling invisible white dwarfs and other compact objects in binaries.

  • Overview of the LAMOST survey in the first decade

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要:The Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST), also known as the Guoshoujing Telescope, is a major national scientific facility for astronomical research located in Xinglong, China. Beginning with a pilot survey in 2011, LAMOST has been surveying the night sky for more than 10 years. The LAMOST survey covers various objects in the Universe, from normal stars to peculiar ones, from the Milky Way to other galaxies, and from stellar black holes and their companions to quasars that ignite ancient galaxies. Until the latest data release 8, the LAMOST survey has released spectra for more than 10 million stars, ~220,000 galaxies, and ~71,000 quasars. With this largest celestial spectra database ever constructed, LAMOST has helped astronomers to deepen their understanding of the Universe, especially for our Milky Way galaxy and the millions of stars within it. In this article, we briefly review the characteristics, observations, and scientific achievements of LAMOST. In particular, we show how astrophysical knowledge about the Milky Way has been improved by LAMOST data.

  • The Nearest Neutron Star Candidate in a Binary Revealed by Optical Time-domain Surveys

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要:Recent studies have revealed the global deposition on Earth of radioactive elements (e.g., $^{60}$Fe) resulting from the metal-enriched ejecta of nearby (within $\sim 100$ pc) supernova explosions. The majority of neutron stars in our Solar neighborhood remain to be discovered. Here we report the discovery of the nearest ($127.7 \pm 0.3$ pc) neutron star candidate in the single-lined spectroscopic binary LAMOST J235456.76+335625.7 (hereafter J2354). Utilizing the multi-epoch spectra and high-cadence periodic light curves, we measure the mass of the visible star ($M_{\rm vis}=0.70\pm 0.05\ M_{\odot}$) and determine the mass function of the invisible object $f(M)=0.525 \pm 0.004\ M_{\odot}$, i.e., the mass of the unseen compact object is $M_{\rm inv} \geq 1.26 \pm 0.03M_{\odot}$. The excess UV emission due to a hot supramassive white dwarf is absent. Hence, it is likely that J2354 harbors a neutron star. J2354 is X-ray dim (the $0.1$--$2.4$ keV luminosity $<10^{30}\ {\rm erg\ s^{-1}}$) since it is not detected in the ROSAT all-sky surveys in X-ray. One-hour exceptionally sensitive radio follow-up observations with FAST, the largest single-dish radio telescope, failed to reveal any radio pulsating signals (the potential pulse power at $1.4$ GHz is $<6.8\times 10^{23}\ {\rm erg\ s^{-1}}$). Hence, the neutron star candidate in J2354 can only be discovered via our time-resolved observations. The alternative scenario involving a nearby supramassive cold white dwarf cannot be fully excluded. Our discovery demonstrates a promising way to unveil the missing population of backyard inactive neutron stars or supramassive cold white dwarfs in binaries by exploring the optical time domain, thereby facilitating understanding of the supernovae explosion and metal-enrichment history in our Solar neighborhood.

  • The Nearest Neutron Star Candidate in a Binary Revealed by Optical Time-domain Surveys

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要:Recent studies have revealed the global deposition on Earth of radioactive elements (e.g., $^{60}$Fe) resulting from the metal-enriched ejecta of nearby (within $\sim 100$ pc) supernova explosions. The majority of neutron stars in our Solar neighborhood remain to be discovered. Here we report the discovery of the nearest ($127.7 \pm 0.3$ pc) neutron star candidate in the single-lined spectroscopic binary LAMOST J235456.76+335625.7 (hereafter J2354). Utilizing the multi-epoch spectra and high-cadence periodic light curves, we measure the mass of the visible star ($M_{\rm vis}=0.70\pm 0.05\ M_{\odot}$) and determine the mass function of the invisible object $f(M)=0.525 \pm 0.004\ M_{\odot}$, i.e., the mass of the unseen compact object is $M_{\rm inv} \geq 1.26 \pm 0.03M_{\odot}$. The excess UV emission due to a hot supramassive white dwarf is absent. Hence, it is likely that J2354 harbors a neutron star. J2354 is X-ray dim (the $0.1$--$2.4$ keV luminosity $<10^{30}\ {\rm erg\ s^{-1}}$) since it is not detected in the ROSAT all-sky surveys in X-ray. One-hour exceptionally sensitive radio follow-up observations with FAST, the largest single-dish radio telescope, failed to reveal any radio pulsating signals (the potential pulse power at $1.4$ GHz is $<6.8\times 10^{23}\ {\rm erg\ s^{-1}}$). Hence, the neutron star candidate in J2354 can only be discovered via our time-resolved observations. The alternative scenario involving a nearby supramassive cold white dwarf cannot be fully excluded. Our discovery demonstrates a promising way to unveil the missing population of backyard inactive neutron stars or supramassive cold white dwarfs in binaries by exploring the optical time domain, thereby facilitating understanding of the supernovae explosion and metal-enrichment history in our Solar neighborhood.

  • LAMOST Time-Domain Survey: First Results of four $K$2 plates

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要:From Oct. 2019 to Apr. 2020, LAMOST performs a time-domain spectroscopic survey of four $K$2 plates with both low- and med-resolution observations. The low-resolution spectroscopic survey gains 282 exposures ($\approx$46.6 hours) over 25 nights, yielding a total of about 767,000 spectra, and the med-resolution survey takes 177 exposures ($\approx$49.1 hours) over 27 nights, collecting about 478,000 spectra. More than 70%/50% of low-resolution/med-resolution spectra have signal-to-noise ratio higher than 10. We determine stellar parameters (e.g., $T_{\rm eff}$, log$g$, [Fe/H]) and radial velocity (RV) with different methods, including LASP, DD-Payne, and SLAM. In general, these parameter estimations from different methods show good agreement, and the stellar parameter values are consistent with those of APOGEE. We use the $Gaia$ DR2 RV data to calculate a median RV zero point (RVZP) for each spectrograph exposure by exposure, and the RVZP-corrected RVs agree well with the APOGEE data. The stellar evolutionary and spectroscopic masses are estimated based on the stellar parameters, multi-band magnitudes, distances and extinction values. Finally, we construct a binary catalog including about 2700 candidates by analyzing their light curves, fitting the RV data, calculating the binarity parameters from med-resolution spectra, and cross-matching the spatially resolved binary catalog from $Gaia$ EDR3. The LAMOST TD survey is expected to get breakthrough in various scientific topics, such as binary system, stellar activity, and stellar pulsation, etc.

  • A long-period pre-ELM system discovered from LAMOST medium-resolution survey

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要:We present LAMOST~J041920.07+072545.4 (hereafter J0419), a close binary consisting of a bloated extremely low mass pre-white dwarf (pre-ELM WD) and a compact object with an orbital period of 0.607189~days. The large-amplitude ellipsoidal variations and the evident Balmer and He~I emission lines suggest a filled Roche lobe and ongoing mass transfer. No outburst events were detected in the 15 years of monitoring of J0419, indicating a very low mass transfer rate. The temperature of the pre-ELM, $T_\mathrm{eff} = 5793_{-133}^{+124}\,\rm K$, is cooler than the known ELMs, but hotter than most CV donors. Combining the mean density within the Roche lobe and the radius constrained from our SED fitting, we obtain the mass of the pre-ELM, $M_1 = 0.176\pm 0.014\,M_\odot$. The joint fitting of light and radial velocity curves yields an inclination angle of $i = 66.5_{-1.7}^{+1.4}$ degrees, corresponding to the compact object mass of $M_2 = 1.09\pm 0.05\,M_\odot$. The very bloated pre-ELM has a smaller surface gravity ($\log g = 3.9\pm 0.01$, $R_1 = 0.78 \pm 0.02\,R_\odot$) than the known ELMs or pre-ELMs. The temperature and the luminosity ($L_\mathrm{bol} = 0.62_{-0.10}^{+0.11}\,L_\odot$) of J0419 are close to the main sequence, which makes the selection of such systems through the HR diagram inefficient. Based on the evolutionary model, the relatively long period and small $\log g$ indicate that J0419 could be close to the "bifurcation period" in the orbit evolution, which makes J0419 to be a unique source to connect ELM/pre-ELM WD systems, wide binaries and cataclysmic variables.

  • A long-period pre-ELM system discovered from LAMOST medium-resolution survey

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要:We present LAMOST~J041920.07+072545.4 (hereafter J0419), a close binary consisting of a bloated extremely low mass pre-white dwarf (pre-ELM WD) and a compact object with an orbital period of 0.607189~days. The large-amplitude ellipsoidal variations and the evident Balmer and He~I emission lines suggest a filled Roche lobe and ongoing mass transfer. No outburst events were detected in the 15 years of monitoring of J0419, indicating a very low mass transfer rate. The temperature of the pre-ELM, $T_\mathrm{eff} = 5793_{-133}^{+124}\,\rm K$, is cooler than the known ELMs, but hotter than most CV donors. Combining the mean density within the Roche lobe and the radius constrained from our SED fitting, we obtain the mass of the pre-ELM, $M_1 = 0.176\pm 0.014\,M_\odot$. The joint fitting of light and radial velocity curves yields an inclination angle of $i = 66.5_{-1.7}^{+1.4}$ degrees, corresponding to the compact object mass of $M_2 = 1.09\pm 0.05\,M_\odot$. The very bloated pre-ELM has a smaller surface gravity ($\log g = 3.9\pm 0.01$, $R_1 = 0.78 \pm 0.02\,R_\odot$) than the known ELMs or pre-ELMs. The temperature and the luminosity ($L_\mathrm{bol} = 0.62_{-0.10}^{+0.11}\,L_\odot$) of J0419 are close to the main sequence, which makes the selection of such systems through the HR diagram inefficient. Based on the evolutionary model, the relatively long period and small $\log g$ indicate that J0419 could be close to the "bifurcation period" in the orbit evolution, which makes J0419 to be a unique source to connect ELM/pre-ELM WD systems, wide binaries and cataclysmic variables.

  • The Disk Veiling Effect of the Black Hole Low-Mass X-ray Binary A0620-00

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要:The optical light curves of quiescent black hole low-mass X-ray binaries often exhibit significant non-ellipsoidal variabilities, showing the photospheric radiation of the companion star is veiled by other source of optical emission. Assessing this "veiling" effect is critical to the black hole mass measurement. Here in this work, we carry out a strictly simultaneous spectroscopic and photometric campaign on the prototype of black hole low-mass X-ray binary A0620-00. We find that for each observation epoch, the extra optical flux beyond a pure ellipsoidal modulation is positively correlated with the fraction of veiling emission, indicating the accretion disk contributes most of the non-ellipsoidal variations. Meanwhile, we also obtain a K2V spectral classification of the companion, as well as the measurements of the companion's rotational velocity $v \sin i = 83.8\pm1.9$ km s$^{-1}$ and the mass ratio between the companion and the black hole $q=0.063\pm0.004$.