Current Location:home > Browse

1. chinaXiv:201711.01924 [pdf]

A new crested theropod dinosaur from the Early Jurassic of Yunnan Province, China

WANG Guo-Fu; YOU Hai-Lu; PAN Shi-Gang; WANG Tao
Subjects: Biology >> Zoology

A new crested theropod, Shuangbaisaurus anlongbaoensis gen. et sp. nov., is reported. The new taxon is recovered from the Lower Jurassic Fengjiahe Formation of Shuangbai County, Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province, and is represented by a partial cranium. Shuangbaisaurus is unique in possessing parasagittal crests along the orbital dorsal rims. It is also distinguishable from the other two lager-bodied parasagittal crested Early Jurassic theropods (Dilophosaurus and Sinosaurus) by a unique combination of features, such as higher than long premaxillary body, elevated ventral edge of the premaxilla, and small upper temporal fenestra. Comparative morphological study indicates that “Dilophosaurus” sinensis could potentially be assigned to Sinosaurus, but probably not to the type species. The discovery of Shuangbaisaurus will help elucidate the evolution of basal theropods, especially the role of various bony cranial ornamentations had played in the differentiation of early theropods.

submitted time 2017-11-07 Cooperative journals:《古脊椎动物学报》 Hits1725Downloads1011 Comment 0

2. chinaXiv:201711.00366 [pdf]

Wind tunnel test on the effect of metal net fences on sand flux in a Gobi Desert, China

WANG Tao; QU Jianjun; LING Yuquan; XIE Shengbo; XIAO Jianhua
Subjects: Geosciences >> Geography

The Lanzhou-Xinjiang High-speed Railway runs through an expansive windy area in a Gobi Desert, and sand-blocking fences were built to protect the railway from destruction by wind-blown sand.

submitted time 2017-11-07 Cooperative journals:《Journal of Arid Land》 Hits2626Downloads1360 Comment 0

3. chinaXiv:201711.00140 [pdf]

Crystal Structure and ESIPT Phenomena of Anionic 2H-Phenanthro[9,10-c]pyrazol-11-ols

LI Chen-Chen; HE Yun; WEI Tao; WANG Tao; ZHANG Zun-Ting
Subjects: Chemistry >> Physical Chemistry

Using 4?-methoxy-5-hydroxyisoflavone and 4?,5-dihydroxy-7-methoxyisoflavone as leding compounds, 6-methoxy-2H-phenanthro[9,10-c]pyrazol-11-ol (1a) and 9-methoxy-2H-phenanthro [9,10-c]pyrazol-6,11-diol (1b) were synthesized by two dehydration processes in the EtOH solution. They were characterized by IR, 1H NMR and 13C NMR. The black prism crystal of 1a was grown by the slow solvent evaporation technique from 40:1 (v/v) CHCl3/MeOH, and it was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. In the crystal structure, 1a was stabilized by intramolecular (O–H···N) and intermolecular (N–H···O, O–H···O, π···π, C–H···π) interactions. In addition, the fluorescence properties of 1a and 1b in the base and neutral media revealed that they possessed excited state intramolecular proton transfer phenomena (ESIPT).

submitted time 2017-11-05 Cooperative journals:《结构化学》 Hits2229Downloads1121 Comment 0

4. chinaXiv:201708.00179 [pdf]

A new crested theropod dinosaur from the Early Jurassic of Yunnan Province, China

WANG Guo-Fu; YOU Hai-Lu; PAN Shi-Gang; WANG Tao
Subjects: Geosciences >> Geology

A new crested theropod, Shuangbaisaurus anlongbaoensis gen. et sp. nov., is reported. The new taxon is recovered from the Lower Jurassic Fengjiahe Formation of Shuangbai County, Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province, and is represented by a partial cranium. Shuangbaisaurus is unique in possessing parasagittal crests along the orbital dorsal rims. It is also distinguishable from the other two lager-bodied parasagittal crested Early Jurassic theropods (Dilophosaurus and Sinosaurus) by a unique combination of features, such as higher than long premaxillary body, elevated ventral edge of the premaxilla, and small upper temporal fenestra. Comparative morphological study indicates that “Dilophosaurus” sinensis could potentially be assigned to Sinosaurus, but probably not to the type species. The discovery of Shuangbaisaurus will help elucidate the evolution of basal theropods, especially the role of various bony cranial ornamentations had played in the differentiation of early theropods. 报道了具嵴冠的兽脚类恐龙一新属种,安龙堡双柏龙(Shuangbaisaurus anlongbaoensis gen.et sp. nov.)。双柏龙发现于云南省楚雄彝族自治州双柏县下侏罗统冯家河组中,保存了部分头骨带下颌。双柏龙沿两侧眼眶背缘向上有嵴冠发育,这在其他兽脚类中未曾报道过。与其他早侏罗世体型较大且具一对矢状嵴冠的兽脚类(双嵴龙属和中国龙属)相比,双柏龙还独具一些特征组合,如相对较高的前颌骨体、抬高的前颌骨腹缘、后腹向延伸的轭骨后突及较小的上颞孔。比较研究表明,尽管中国“双嵴龙” (“Dilophosaurus” sinensis)可能应归入中国龙属(Sinosaurus), 但未必属于模式种。双柏龙的发现将有助于研究基干兽脚类的演化,尤其是各类头骨骨饰在其中的作用。

submitted time 2017-08-10 Cooperative journals:《古脊椎动物学报》 Hits1997Downloads1138 Comment 0

5. chinaXiv:201605.01241 [pdf]

Analysis of the reptile CD1 genes: evolutionary implications

Yang, Zhi; Wang, Chunyan; Wang, Tao; Bai, Jianhui; Liu, Xuhan; Guo, Ying; Zhao, Yaofeng; Ren, Liming; Zhao, Yu; Ma, Qingwei; Ma, Qingwei; Wu, Xiaobing
Subjects: Biology >> Biophysics >> Genetics & Heredity

CD1, as the third family of antigen-presenting molecules, is previously only found in mammals and chickens, which suggests that the chicken and mammalian CD1 shared a common ancestral gene emerging at least 310 million years ago. Here, we describe CD1 genes in the green anole lizard and Crocodylia, demonstrating that CD1 is ubiquitous in mammals, birds, and reptiles. Although the reptilian CD1 protein structures are predicted to be similar to human CD1d and chicken CD1.1, CD1 isotypes are not found to be orthologous between mammals, birds, and reptiles according to phylogenetic analyses, suggesting an independent diversification of CD1 isotypes during the speciation of mammals, birds, and reptiles. In the green anole lizard, although the single CD1 locus and MHC I gene are located on the same chromosome, there is an approximately 10-Mb-long sequence in between, and interestingly, several genes flanking the CD1 locus belong to the MHC paralogous region on human chromosome 19. The CD1 genes in Crocodylia are located in two loci, respectively linked to the MHC region and MHC paralogous region (corresponding to the MHC paralogous region on chromosome 19). These results provide new insights for studying the origin and evolution of CD1.

submitted time 2016-05-11 Hits2879Downloads1697 Comment 0

  [1 Pages/ 5 Totals]