摘要：Real-time monitoring of the 14-MeV D-T fusion neutron yield is urgently required for the triton burnup study on the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST). In this study, we developed an optimal design of a fast-neutron detector based on the scintillating fiber (Sci-Fi) to provide D-T neutron yield through Geant4 simulation. The effect on the detection performance is concerned when changing the number of the Sci-Fis embedded in the probe head, minimum distance between the fibers, length of the fibers, or substrate material of the probe head. The maximum number of scintillation photons generated by the n/γ source particles and output by the light guide within an event (event: the entire simulation process for one source particle) was used to quantify the n/γ resolution of the detector as the main basis. And the intrinsic detection efficiency was used as another evaluation criterion. The results demonstrate that the optimal design scheme is to use a 5-cm probe head whose substrate material is pure aluminum, in which 463 Sci-Fis with the same length of 5 cm are embedded, and the minimum distance between the centers of the two fibers is 2 mm. The optimized detector exhibits clear directionality in the simulation, which is in line with the expectation and experimental data provided in the literature. This study presents the variation trends of the performance of the Sci-Fi detector when its main parameters change, which is beneficial for the targeted design and optimization of the Sci-Fi detector used in a specific radiation environment.
摘要：Image distortion caused by angular misalignment of quadrupole magnets in high energy electron radiography is studied systematically. We propose that the distortion originates from the coupling of the motions of electron in transverse directions based on theoretical analysis via transfer matrix method. The relative angular rotation between the second and third magnetic quadrupoles is identified to be the main contributor to image distortion, which is verified by both beam dynamics simulation and experimental outcomes. In addition, different strategies to mitigate this image distortion are explored, including magnets online tuning, using higher beam energy and larger magnification factor. This study provides some criteria for designing experiments, and paves the way to achieve higher image precision.