摘要：The evolution of microstruture for Fe16.7Cr14.5Ni model alloy and 316 stainless steel irradiated with 140 keV He ions were studied by Positron annihilation spectroscopy. The fluences were 1016 and 5016 He ions/cm2. The irradiation temperature was room temperature and 573 K, respectively. The variation of S parameter-incident positron energy profile indicated that large amount of vacancy-type defects formed after He ion irradiation. Meanwhile, helium atoms deposited in bulk and certain amount of He-vacancy complexes were formed. The vacancy-type defects could be the major defects in track region and He-vacancy complexes would be the main defects in cascade region. The vacancy-type defects could migrate and aggregate to form vacancy clusters and even microvoids at elevated temperature irradiation. The diffusion mechanism of helium atoms might be changed at different irradiation temperature.
摘要：A comparative study on the morphology, structure and luminescence modifications of LDPE–Na2SO4:Sm3+ composite induced by gamma irradiation was reported for the first time. The composites were irradiated with irradiation doses of 10, 30, and 50 kGy in air at room temperature. Modifications on structural and luminescence properties of LDPE–Na2SO4:Sm3+ composites were investigated by using several analytical methods. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns revealed that the cross-linking improved the crystallinity of the composites. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images illustrated the surface modifications of composites induced by irradiation. Results of positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS) suggested that gamma irradiation affected the free volumes concentrations in the samples. The photoluminescence (PL) spectra of non-irradiated and irradiated composites consisted of four main peaks at 563, 598, 644 and 706 nm which could be assigned to the 4G5/2 6HJ (J =5/2, 7/2, 9/2 and 11/2, respectively) transitions within the electronic configuration of Sm3+. Meanwhile, we observed an additional peak at about 686 nm in the irradiated composites, owing to the conversion of Sm3+ Sm2+. Concentrations of the Sm2+ centers linearly increased with gamma irradiation doses, which partly accounted for the degradation of PL intensity of Sm3+ peaks.