• Thermodynamic properties at the kinetic freeze-out in the Au+Au and Cu+Cu collisions at the RHIC

    分类: 物理学 >> 核物理学 提交时间: 2023-09-07

    摘要:The thermodynamic properties of charged particles, such as the energy density, pressure, entropy density, particle density, and squared speed of sound at the kinetic freeze-out in the $ mathrm{Au+Au}$ collisions from the relativistic heavy ion collider (RHIC) beam energy scan program ($ sqrt{s_ text{NN}}$=7.7--200 GeV) and in the $ mathrm{Cu+Cu}$ collisions at $ sqrt{s_ text{NN}}$=62.4, 200 GeV are studied using the thermodynamically consistent Tsallis distribution. The energy density, pressure, and particle density decrease monotonically with the collision energy for the same collision centrality; These properties also decrease monotonically from the central to peripheral collisions at the same collision energy. While the scaled energy density $ varepsilon/T^4$ and scaled entropy density $s/T^3$ demonstrate the opposite trend with the collision energy for the same collision centrality. There is a correlation between $ varepsilon/T^4$ and $s/T^3$ at the same centrality. In addition, the squared speed of sound was calculated to determine that all the collision energies share nearly the same value at different collision centralities.