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1. chinaXiv:201810.00187 [pdf]

Application and verification of simultaneous determination of cellulose ?13C and ?18O in Picea shrenkiana tree rings from northwestern China using the high-temperature pyrolysis method

XU Guobao; LIU Xiaohong; SUN Weizhen; CHEN Tuo; ZHANG Xuanwen; ZENG Xiaomin; WU Guoju; WANG Wenzhi; QIN Dahe
Subjects: Geosciences >> History of Geosciences

Stable isotopes in tree-ring cellulose provide important data in ecological, archaeological, and paleoenvironmental researches, thereby, the demand for stable isotope analyses is increasing rapidly. Simultaneous measurement of cellulose ?13C and ?18O values from tree rings would reduce the cost of isotopic commodities and improve the analytical efficiency compared with conventional separate measurement. In this study, we compared the ?13C and ?18O values of tree-ring ?-cellulose from Tianshan spruce (Picea schrenkiana) in an arid site in the drainage basin of the Urumqi River in Xinjiang of northwestern China based on separate and simultaneous measurements, using the combustion method (at 1050°C) and the high-temperature pyrolysis method (at 1350°C and 1400°C). We verified the results of simultaneous measurement using the outputs from separate measurement and found that both methods (separate and simultaneous) produced similar ?13C values. The two-point calibrated method improved the results (range and variation) of ?13C and ?18O values. The mean values, standard deviations, and trends of the tree-ring ?13C obtained by the combustion method were similar to those by the pyrolysis method followed by two-point calibration. The simultaneously measured ?18O from the pyrolysis method at 1400°C had a nearly constant offset with that the pyrolysis method at 1350°C due to isotopic-dependence on the reaction temperature. However, they showed similar variations in the time series. The climate responses inferred from simultaneously and separately measured ?13C and ?18O did not differ between the two methods. The tree-ring ?13C and ?18O values were negatively correlated with standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index from May to August. In addition, the ?18O was significantly correlated with temperature (positive), precipitation (negative), and relative humidity (negative) from May to August. The tree-ring ?13C and ?18O values determined simultaneously through the high-temperature pyrolysis method could produce acceptable and reliable stable isotope series. The simultaneous isotopic measurement can greatly reduce the cost and time requirement compared with the separate isotopic measurement. These results are consistent with the previous studies at humid sites, suggesting that the simultaneous determination of ?13C and ?18O in tree-ring ?-cellulose can be used in wide regions.

submitted time 2018-10-29 Cooperative journals:《Journal of Arid Land》 Hits4474Downloads1376 Comment 0

2. chinaXiv:201801.00586 [pdf]

Dynamic Characteristics of Hydrocarbon Fuel within the Channel at Supercritical and Pyrolysis Condition

YU Bin, ZHOU Weixing, QIN Jiang, BAO Wen
Subjects: Dynamic and Electric Engineering >> Engineering Thermophysics

Regenerative cooling with fuel as the coolant is used in the scramjet engine. In order to grasp the dynamic characteristics of engine fuel supply processes, this article studies the dynamic characteristics of hydrocarbon fuel within the channel. A one-dimensional dynamic model was proved, the thermal energy storage effect, fuel volume effect and chemical dynamic effect have been considered in the model, the ordinary differential equations were solved using a 4th order Runge-Kutta method. The precision of the model was validated by three groups of experimental data. The effects of input signal, working condition, tube size on the dynamic characteristics of pressure, flow rate, temperature have been simulated. It is found that cracking reaction increased the compressibility of the fuel pyrolysis mixture and lead to longer responding time of outlet flow. The responding time of outlet flow can reach 3s when tube is 5m long which will greatly influence the control performance of the engine thrust system. Meanwhile, when the inlet flow rate appears the step change, the inlet pressure leads to overshoot, the overshoot can reach as much as 100%, such highly transient impulse will result in detrimental effect on fuel pump.

submitted time 2018-01-24 Cooperative journals:《热科学学报》 Hits47708Downloads1203 Comment 0

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