分类： 物理学 >> 基本粒子与场物理学 提交时间： 2022-06-21
In this article, I shall propose an enlightening view on the origin of dark matter abundance, in which I introduce a neutral primordial field, which is a new field beyond the standard model, the mass of the primordial field is confined in the vicinity of neutrino mass (or 1-2 orders of magnitude different from the neutrino mass). All the standard model elementary particles are produced spontaneously from this field in the Big Bang epoch of the universe and then these produced elementary particles decayed or annihilated in the well-known standard model interactions. The relic of the primordial field appears in a form of vacuum energy can not only give naturally the correct abundance of dark matter in the present universe, but provide a natural solution to the cosmological constant problem as well. We find that the conventional methods of detecting dark matter either fail or have great difficulties to detect the remaining vacuum energy of the primordial field, and how to confirm the existence of the remaining energy of the universe's original energy in experiment is still an open problem.
分类： 电子与通信技术 >> 电子技术 提交时间： 2020-01-06
摘要：Since the first vacuum tube (X-ray tube) was invented by Wilhelm Röntgen in Germany, after more than one hundred years of development, the average power density of the vacuum tube microwave source has reached the order of 108 [MW][GHz]2. The maximum power density record was created by the Free Electron Lasers. In the high-power microwave field, the vacuum devices are still the mainstream microwave sources for applications such as scientific instruments, communications, radars, magnetic confinement fusion heating, microwave weapons, etc. The principles of microwave generation by vacuum tube microwave sources include Cherenkov or Smith-Purcell radiation, transition radiation, and Bremsstrahlung. In this paper, the vacuum tube microwave sources were reviewed in order according to the three radiation principles. Among them, the Vircators can produce 22 GW output power in P-band. Vacuum tubes that can achieve continuous-wave operation include Traveling Wave Tubes, Klystrons, Free Electron Lasers, and Magnetrons, with output power up to 1MW. Vacuum tubes that can generate frequencies of the order of 100 GHz and above include Klystrons, Traveling Wave Tubes, Gyrotrons, Backward Wave Oscillators, Magnetrons, Surface Wave Oscillators, Free Electron Lasers, Orotrons, etc. Gyrotrons are very attractive in the millimeter wave and THz fields. The Gyrotrons can output power at the MW level with 3000s pulse width at millimeter wavelengths.
分类： 物理学 >> 普通物理:统计和量子力学,量子信息等 提交时间： 2017-11-10
摘要：A detailed theoretical derivation of the cross sections of e+e− → e+e− and e+e− → µ+µ− around the J/ψ resonance is reported. The resonance and interference parts of the cross sections, related to J/ψ resonance parameters, are calculated. Higher-order corrections for vacuum polarization and initial-state radiation are consid-ered. An arbitrary upper limit of radiative correction integration is involved. Full and simpliﬁed versions of analytic formulae are given with precision at the level of 0.1% and 0.2%, respectively. Moreover, the results obtained in the paper can be applied to the case of the ψ(3686) resonance.
分类： 核科学技术 >> 核聚变工程技术 提交时间： 2017-10-27
摘要： Structured Abstract: Purpose: EAST is a tokamak fusion device running in ultra-high vacuum condition. To avoid polluting the inner vessel environment, solid lubrication has been applied on the surface of bearings and gears which exposed to the vacuum. Design/methodology/approach: anti-friction MoS2 coatings penetrating with different atoms have been developed by multi-target magnetron sputtering deposition technique. This paper presents the comparative testing of tribological properties for three kinds of MoS2-based coating layers. Findings: based on the test results, MoS2-Ti-C coating films are supposed to be the final selection due to the better performance of friction coefficient and lubrication longevity. Originality/value: finally, the detailed information has been characterized for the hybrid coatings which can provide some references for applications of solid lubrications in similar condition of high vacuum and temperature.
分类： 材料科学 >> 材料科学（综合） 提交时间： 2017-05-09
摘要：Solid lubricant coatings have received considerable research attention in space applications owing to their remarkably improved tribological characteristics. But their service life is seriously restricted by the harsh environment, such as high vacuum and abrasive wear. In this paper, a novel design of carbon-based multilayer (MoS2/DLC multilayer) coatings was reported to clarify the friction and wear behavior in high vacuum conditions with and without simulated lunar-dust (SLD). Compared with pure DLC or MoS2 coatings, the multilayer coating showed excellent tribological performance with a low friction coefficient of 0.02 and a wear rate of $6.5 10 6 mm3 N 1 m 1. What is particularly interesting is that the wear volume of MoS2/DLC multilayer coatings with the increase of time is in accordance with the Archard linear law, regardless of the condition with or without SLD. Moreover, the surface morphology and composition of wear tracks and scars reveal that the long life of carbon-based multilayer coatings cannot be explained solely by excellent mechanical performance, and is also attributed to the formation of ridge layers as third body reservoirs and a tribo-induced composite transfer layer containing SLD nanoparticles and coating materials.
摘要：Nanocomposite WC/a-C coatings were successfully fabricated using a magnetron sputtering process, and post-deposition annealing was conducted in vacuum for 1 h at the annealing temperatures ranging from 100 to 500 degrees C. The changes in coating structur
分类： 分类： 物理学 >> 基本粒子与场物理学 提交时间： 2016-12-28
摘要：In light of the Higgs discovery and the nonobservation of sparticles at the LHC, we revisit the supersymmetric theory (SUSY) induced top quark flavor-changing decay into the Higgs boson. We perform a scan over the relevant SUSY parameter space by consider
分类： 物理学 >> 核物理学 提交时间： 2016-09-20
摘要：Recently, both ATLAS and CMS collaborations at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) have announced their observations of an excess of diphoton events around the invariant mass of 750 GeV with a local significance of 3.6σ and 2.6σ, respectively. In this paper, we interpret the diphoton excess as the on-shell production of a real singlet scalar in the pp→S→γγ channel. To accommodate the observed production rate, we further introduce a vector-like fermion F, which is carrying both color and electric charges. The viable regions of model parameters are explored for this simple extension of the Standard Model (SM). Moreover, we revisit the problem of electroweak vacuum stability in the same scenario, and find that the requirement for the electroweak vacuum stability up to high energy scales imposes serious constraints on the Yukawa coupling of the vector-like fermion and the quartic couplings of the SM Higgs boson and the new singlet scalar. Consequently, a successful explanation for the diphoton excess and the absolute stability of electroweak vacuum cannot be achieved simultaneously in this economical setup.
分类： 物理学 >> 基本粒子与场物理学 提交时间： 2016-05-08
摘要：We calculate the Casimir force at a finite cut-off Lambda by summing the forces induced by the all fluctuation modes. We show that the Casimir force is independent of the cut-off function in the limit L Lambda -> infinity. There is a correction in the order of (L Lambda)(-2), when L Lambda is finite and large. This correction becomes remarkable when L is comparable with the microscopic length scale Lambda(-1). It has been demonstrated that the Casimir force at a finite cut-off should be defined by summing forces of all fluctuation modes, instead of the derivative of Casimir energy with respect to L where an additional derivative of the cut-off function has been introduced.