摘要： Recently, both ATLAS and CMS collaborations at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) have announced their observations of an excess of diphoton events around the invariant mass of 750 GeV with a local significance of 3.6σ and 2.6σ, respectively. In this paper, we interpret the diphoton excess as the on-shell production of a real singlet scalar in the pp→S→γγ channel. To accommodate the observed production rate, we further introduce a vector-like fermion F, which is carrying both color and electric charges. The viable regions of model parameters are explored for this simple extension of the Standard Model (SM). Moreover, we revisit the problem of electroweak vacuum stability in the same scenario, and find that the requirement for the electroweak vacuum stability up to high energy scales imposes serious constraints on the Yukawa coupling of the vector-like fermion and the quartic couplings of the SM Higgs boson and the new singlet scalar. Consequently, a successful explanation for the diphoton excess and the absolute stability of electroweak vacuum cannot be achieved simultaneously in this economical setup.
摘要： In this article, I shall propose an enlightening view on the origin of dark matter abundance, in which I introduce a neutral primordial field, which is a new field beyond the standard model, the mass of the primordial field is confined in the vicinity of neutrino mass (or 1-2 orders of magnitude different from the neutrino mass). All the standard model elementary particles are produced spontaneously from this field in the Big Bang epoch of the universe and then these produced elementary particles decayed or annihilated in the well-known standard model interactions. The relic of the primordial field appears in a form of vacuum energy can not only give naturally the correct abundance of dark matter in the present universe, but provide a natural solution to the cosmological constant problem as well. We find that the conventional methods of detecting dark matter either fail or have great difficulties to detect the remaining vacuum energy of the primordial field, and how to confirm the existence of the remaining energy of the universe's original energy in experiment is still an open problem.
摘要： Structured Abstract: Purpose: EAST is a tokamak fusion device running in ultra-high vacuum condition. To avoid polluting the inner vessel environment, solid lubrication has been applied on the surface of bearings and gears which exposed to the vacuum. Design/methodology/approach: anti-friction MoS2 coatings penetrating with different atoms have been developed by multi-target magnetron sputtering deposition technique. This paper presents the comparative testing of tribological properties for three kinds of MoS2-based coating layers. Findings: based on the test results, MoS2-Ti-C coating films are supposed to be the final selection due to the better performance of friction coefficient and lubrication longevity. Originality/value: finally, the detailed information has been characterized for the hybrid coatings which can provide some references for applications of solid lubrications in similar condition of high vacuum and temperature.
摘要： We calculate the Casimir force at a finite cut-off Lambda by summing the forces induced by the all fluctuation modes. We show that the Casimir force is independent of the cut-off function in the limit L Lambda -> infinity. There is a correction in the order of (L Lambda)(-2), when L Lambda is finite and large. This correction becomes remarkable when L is comparable with the microscopic length scale Lambda(-1). It has been demonstrated that the Casimir force at a finite cut-off should be defined by summing forces of all fluctuation modes, instead of the derivative of Casimir energy with respect to L where an additional derivative of the cut-off function has been introduced.
摘要： Nanocomposite WC/a-C coatings were successfully fabricated using a magnetron sputtering process, and post-deposition annealing was conducted in vacuum for 1 h at the annealing temperatures ranging from 100 to 500 degrees C. The changes in coating structur
摘要： We report on using synthetic silicon for a high-precision X-ray polarimeter comprising a polarizer and an analyzer, each based on a monolithic channel-cut crystal used at multiple Brewster reflections with a Bragg angle very close to 45°. Experiments were performed at the BL09B bending magnet beamline of the Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility using a Si(800) crystal at an X-ray energy of 12.914 keV. A polarization purity of 8.4×10-9 was measured. This result is encouraging, as the measured polarization purity is the best-reported value for the bending magnet source. Notably, this is the firstly systematic study on the hard X-ray polarimeter in China, which is crucial for exploring new physics, such as verifying vacuum birefringence.
摘要： A detailed theoretical derivation of the cross sections of e+e− → e+e− and e+e− → µ+µ− around the J/ψ resonance is reported. The resonance and interference parts of the cross sections, related to J/ψ resonance parameters, are calculated. Higher-order corrections for vacuum polarization and initial-state radiation are consid-ered. An arbitrary upper limit of radiative correction integration is involved. Full and simpliﬁed versions of analytic formulae are given with precision at the level of 0.1% and 0.2%, respectively. Moreover, the results obtained in the paper can be applied to the case of the ψ(3686) resonance.
摘要： Solid lubricant coatings have received considerable research attention in space applications owing to their remarkably improved tribological characteristics. But their service life is seriously restricted by the harsh environment, such as high vacuum and abrasive wear. In this paper, a novel design of carbon-based multilayer (MoS2/DLC multilayer) coatings was reported to clarify the friction and wear behavior in high vacuum conditions with and without simulated lunar-dust (SLD). Compared with pure DLC or MoS2 coatings, the multilayer coating showed excellent tribological performance with a low friction coefficient of 0.02 and a wear rate of $6.5 10 6 mm3 N 1 m 1. What is particularly interesting is that the wear volume of MoS2/DLC multilayer coatings with the increase of time is in accordance with the Archard linear law, regardless of the condition with or without SLD. Moreover, the surface morphology and composition of wear tracks and scars reveal that the long life of carbon-based multilayer coatings cannot be explained solely by excellent mechanical performance, and is also attributed to the formation of ridge layers as third body reservoirs and a tribo-induced composite transfer layer containing SLD nanoparticles and coating materials.
摘要： In light of the Higgs discovery and the nonobservation of sparticles at the LHC, we revisit the supersymmetric theory (SUSY) induced top quark flavor-changing decay into the Higgs boson. We perform a scan over the relevant SUSY parameter space by consider