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1. chinaXiv:202108.00100 [pdf]

福至心灵:幸运感知对消费行为的影响及其理论解释

骆紫薇; 吴毓婷
Subjects: Psychology >> Other Disciplines of Psychology

寻求幸运的行为从古至今广泛存在于人类生活的方方面面,幸运感知如何影响消费行为的理论成果为消费研究领域做出了重要贡献。通过系统回顾相关文献发现,个体的幸运感知会对冒险行为、独特性寻求、传染效应、特定事物的态度和幸运消费产生影响。归因理论、人格特质理论、认知启动理论、反事实思维、社会比较理论、控制感理论和启发式决策可以用于解释幸运感知对消费行为的影响。未来研究应深化幸运感知影响消费行为的作用机制并拓展边界条件及其双向结果。

submitted time 2021-08-15 Hits598Downloads155 Comment 0

2. chinaXiv:202109.00007 [pdf]

组织社会化视角下员工组织公民行为动态变化趋势及其形成机制

张靓婷; 王斌; 付景涛
Subjects: Management Science >> Enterprise Management

日益复杂多变的市场竞争环境对组织的灵活性和适应性都提出了更高的要求,员工的组织公民行为在这一背景下显得尤为重要,因它能有效提高组织在不确定环境下的生存能力和核心竞争力、提升组织的绩效水平。虽然已有大量研究关注员工的组织公民行为,但研究者多采用相对静态的研究范式,而忽视了组织公民行为的长期动态变化趋势。基于组织社会化视角,本研究重点关注新员工和工作变更员工组织公民行为的长期动态变化趋势、探索影响组织公民行为动态变化趋势的内在机制和边界条件,以期为培养和激发员工持续性高水平的组织公民行为提供可参考的理论依据。

submitted time 2021-07-29 Hits639Downloads27 Comment 0

3. chinaXiv:202107.00012 [pdf]

Structural evolution of energy embodied in final demand as economic growth empirical evidence from 25 countries.docx

Zhang, Yi; Fan, Ying; Xia, Yan
Subjects: Management Science >> Management Engineering

Most countries of the world have put forward the goal of striving for carbon neutrality. The goal is hard to achieve by only relying on supply side solutions for the world. Most countries should pay more attention to the potential of energy conservation and emission reduction in the field of final demand. We construct an empirical analytic framework to investigate energy demand characteristics as economic growth from the perspective of final demand, and the results show a U-shaped curve relationship between the ratio of energy embodied in consumption to energy embodied in investment (REECEEI) and real gross domestic product per capita. The REECEEIs of major developing and developed countries are very different. Compare to the average baseline curve scenario, there is a notable conservation potential of energy embodied in final demand for major developing and developed countries. In climate negotiation, the demand for energy embodied in investment of developing countries should be guaranteed because it is the foundation of their economic development. To conserve energy and reduce emissions in the field of final demand, developing countries should focus on the field of energy embodied in investment, while developed countries should focus on the field of energy embodied in consumption.

submitted time 2021-07-16 Hits1663Downloads215 Comment 0

4. chinaXiv:202107.00001 [pdf]

考虑国有企业利润的养老金统筹账户的最优缴费比率的研究

王恺明; 张高勋; 张蓓
Subjects: Management Science >> Business Management of Department

本文应用研究了养老金统筹账户最优缴费比率问题,将统筹账户的缴费视作社会保障税,构建了将国有企业利润充实养老金统筹账户条件下的最优缴费比率模型。通过该模型分析了养老金统筹账户最优缴费比率,得到了不同比例的国企利润用于养老金的支付,对应的统筹账户养老金的最优缴费比率。结果表明:当居民的资产全部用于消费的情况下,维持目前的参保人口,不考虑国有企业的利润,2018年的最优缴费为15.27%,将国有企业的利润的10%用于养老金的预算平衡,最优缴费比率为13.67%。如果实现全员参保,不考虑国有企业的利润,2018年的最优缴费比率为12.58%,将国有企业的利润的10%用于养老金的预算平衡,最优缴费比率为11.04%。我们还考虑了在2050年,中国老龄化加剧时,如果不考虑延迟退休,统筹账户的养老金缴费比率为28.62%,如果延迟到65岁退休,养老金缴费比率为15.47%,如果将10%的国有企业利润用于补充养老金统筹账户,养老金缴费比率可以下调为13.79%,发现我国养老体系有一定的改进空间。

submitted time 2021-07-04 Hits3958Downloads218 Comment 0

5. chinaXiv:202106.00031 [pdf]

数学启发算法求解单源设施区位及其变种问题

孔云峰
Subjects: Geosciences >> Geography

考虑设施服务区空间连续和设施数量限制,对经典的单源设施区位问题(SSCFLP)进行扩展,形成变种问题:设施服务区空间连续SSCFLP(CFLSAP)、设施数量限制的SSCFLP (SSCKFLP)和设施服务区空间连续及数量限制的SSCFLP(CKFLSAP)。针对SSCFLP及其变种问题,提出了一个数学启发算法。该算法从一个初始解开始,迭代地对当前解进行超大邻域搜索改进,直到若干次尝试不能该改进当前解为止。超大邻域定义步骤如下:随机选择一个客户,从当前解中选择客户附近Q个最邻近设施及其客户,再挑选这些客户的最邻近候选设施。使用所选择候选设施子集和客户子集,构建子问题数学模型,求解模型,并使用模型解更新当前解。构造2组案例数据测试本文算法,结果表明:数学启发算法能够有效地求解SSCFLP及其变种问题,求解结果极其接近问题最优解或目标值下界,相对差异为0.01%(SSCFLP)、0.22%(CFLSAP)、0.00%(SSCKFLP)和0.08%(CKFLSAP)。另外,SSCFLP或SSCKFLP增加设施服务区空间连续约束后,目标值增加幅度不大,但最优设施区位可能发生变化。

submitted time 2021-06-09 Hits6367Downloads399 Comment 0

6. chinaXiv:202105.00072 [pdf]

资本、劳动和能源的产出弹性:基于20个OECD国家的实证研究

张毅; 夏炎; 范英
Subjects: Management Science >> Management Engineering

本文应用面板数据模型和时间序列模型,研究了20个经济合作与发展组织(OECD)成员国资本、劳动和能源的产出弹性。面板数据模型的分析结果表明,资本、劳动和能源的产出弹性分别为0.4675,0.3876和0.1449,资本和能源的产出弹性远大于其在总要素成本中的份额,而劳动的产出弹性则相反。时间序列模型的研究结果表明,不同国家生产要素产出弹性之间存在较大差异,但是总体上与面板数据模型结论一致。我们提出能源驱动机器工作与劳动一样创造价值,未来关于能源的研究不能忽视隐含能源的作用。

submitted time 2021-05-21 Hits133Downloads54 Comment 0

7. chinaXiv:202103.00017 [pdf]

Exploring and Examining the Public Sense of Gain on YB Conservation and Development based on CSS2019

李海涛
Subjects: Management Science >> Management Engineering

Ecological conservation and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin (abbreviated to YB Conservation and Development) has been determined as another major national strategies of China, and public sense of gain (PSG) has been generally accepted as a macro-criterion of good governance in China New Time. This paper explored to construct the transmission mechanism of the PSG and YB conservation and development, suggested to take the PSG as a better regulation and guidance for the sound development of the Yellow River Basin. Based on the data of Chinese Social Survey in 2019 (CSS2019), this paper tried to exam the PSG on YB Conservation and Development at the beginning of this Chinese major strategy. An evaluation index system including 5 factor dimensions and 25 indices was constructed, and the normal distribution was used to describe the survey data, after that, the dominance matrix method was applied to make decision based on PROMETHEEⅡ. The empirical analysis results indicated that the PSG of the middle and upper reaches of the Yellow River was lower than the overall level of China, while that of Henan and Shandong in the lower Yellow River were both higher than its national average; and the public generally had a higher sense of gain on government public service and social civilization, however, the PSG on individual self-fulfillments of Henan and Shandong and that on economic situations of the middle and upper reaches of the Yellow River were both at a lower level.

submitted time 2021-03-03 Hits6056Downloads606 Comment 0

8. chinaXiv:202102.00076 [pdf]

学理反思:科研诚信的度量困难与非理性风险

刘胜利
Subjects: Management Science >> Science ology and Management

本文从学理层面指出科研诚信量化评价制度的形成根源来自路径依赖和制度锁定,并深入论证了科研诚信的度量困难、实践悖论与非理性风险。研究对于补充科学政策学理论、建构科研诚信外部规范学理基础,优化科研诚信外部规范的技术进路具有重要的现实参考意义。

submitted time 2021-02-20 Hits11319Downloads711 Comment 0

9. chinaXiv:202102.00075 [pdf]

学理反思:科研诚信内部规范的合理性及其失灵原因

刘胜利
Subjects: Management Science >> Science ology and Management

“科研诚信内部规范”和“科研诚信外部规范”的范式区分,为正确定义政府在科学事业管理中的未来角色提供了学理分析进路。本文基于经济学、法学、社会学、管理学等基本规律,从学理层面和科学制度化视角反思“科研诚信内部规范”的合理性及其失灵原因,指明了政府在科研诚信建设及科研体制改革中的“放、管、服”内容与边界。研究对于完善科学政策学,促进思想界、学术界参与“科研诚信外部规范”相关理论和技术的批判完善与前瞻性建构具基础性奠基意义。

submitted time 2021-02-20 Hits13430Downloads676 Comment 0

10. chinaXiv:202102.00002 [pdf]

Periodic sponge effect on tourism

闫弘轩
Subjects: Management Science >> Development and Management of Human Resources

This paper investigates the relationship between the service sector and GDP in Denmark by adopting unit root test, Johansen cointegration test and Granger causality test with yearly data. The characteristics of service sector against agriculture sector, industry sector are also discussed. Under the monthly scale, the behaviours of the number of rented hotel room, power production and IPI are studied. The deindustralization caused by the development of tourism and the financial crisis of 2008 is discussed. The existence of periodic sponge effect between tourism and the manufacturing is found. By presenting several convinced explanations, this phenomenon will help to understand the dynamic mechanism of the economic developments. In the context of flexicurity labour market with flexible employment policies in Denmark, the unemployment issue against the tourism, power production and IPI is explored. Lastly, an approach to calculate periodic sponge effect index with some examples of Denmark’s data is proposed.

submitted time 2021-01-30 Hits5942Downloads621 Comment 0

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