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1. chinaXiv:202107.00031 [pdf]

二语具身认知:自动激活还是母语中介?

白亚停; 何文广
Subjects: Psychology >> Cognitive Psychology

语言具身认知强调语言加工不是纯粹抽象符号的内部表征, 身体和环境也在其中发挥着重要作用。已有研究多来自母语(L1)领域, 二语(L2)认知中是否存在该效应及其发生机制依然存在争论。在总结行为和神经电生理学方面L2具身效应的存在的证据的基础上, 结合相关研究的我们提出“自动激活”和“母语中介”两种假说, 并分析和评价两种假说的优缺点和影响因素。最后讨论了该领域存在的问题并就未来研究取向进行展望, 希望有助于完善语言具身认知理论, 增进对双语表征机制的了解, 有效提升L2教学。

submitted time 2021-07-25 Hits444Downloads185 Comment 0

2. chinaXiv:202107.00033 [pdf]

组织中个人认同的研究新进展——基于过程框架的建构与完善

周意勇; 陈晓卉
Subjects: Psychology >> Management Psychology

个人认同是个体与他人建立某种同一性感知、基于他人定义自我的过程。研究表明,组织中的个人认同与员工的工作表现、工作满意度等密切相关。通过对文献的回顾与梳理,本文针对现有研究对个人认同概念本身及其在组织中演化发展过程关注较少等不足,基于动态视角将组织中的个人认同分为单向性和双向性两种类型,初步建构个人认同在组织中的过程框架,探究其在特定情境下(上下级之间和同事之间)的权变性作用机制,最后提出了未来的发展方向。

submitted time 2021-07-25 Hits488Downloads267 Comment 0

3. chinaXiv:202107.00032 [pdf]

The Relationships among Structural Social Support, Functional Social Support, and Loneliness in Older Adults: Analysis of Regional Differences based on a Multigroup Structural Equation Model

Haifeng Li; Cong Wang
Subjects: Psychology >> Social Psychology

Objective: This study investigated the relationship between structural social support and loneliness and explored whether functional social support had an intermediate role therein. It also employed a multigroup structural equation model to compare mediation models among older adults living in cities, towns, and rural areas. Methods: Using a self-made demographics questionnaire, the structural-functional social support scale, and the 3-item UCLA loneliness scale, this study collected information from 1,325 older adults identified via convenience sampling. Results: The results showed that: (1) compared with older adults living in towns, older urban and rural adults had higher structural social support and experienced less loneliness, while older adults’ functional social support showed no difference among the three regions (2) An analysis of the models of regional differences indicated that functional social support served as a full mediator in the relationship between structural social support and loneliness in urban older adults, and a partial mediator for older adults living in towns and rural areas. Conclusion: The relationship between structural social support and loneliness is mediated by functional social support, and this mediation model varies between older adults in cities and towns/rural areas. This study helps us understand possible mechanisms through which structural social support impacts loneliness. It suggests that nursing strategies for older adults should be adjusted according to region and direct greater focus on the function (or quality) of the social support network and on older adults living in towns.

submitted time 2021-07-25 Hits950Downloads317 Comment 0

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