摘要：An element analysis method, coincidence Doppler broadening spectroscopy of slow positron annihilation, was employed to detect helium in ion irradiated Fe9Cr alloys. Spectra with higher peak to background ratio were recorded using a two-HPGe-detector coincidence measuring system. It means that information in the high-momentum area of the spectra can be used to identify helium in metals. This identification is not entirely dependent on the helium concentration in the specimens, but is related to the structure and microscopic arrangement of atoms surrounding the positron annihilation site. The results of Doppler broadening spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy show that vacancies and dislocations were formed in ion irradiated specimens. Thermal helium desorption spectrometry was performed to obtain the types of He traps.
摘要：Here, we investigated the irradiation defect in reduced activation ferritic/martensitic steels by slow positron beam. Three ion-irradiation experiments were carried out: (i) He2+ irradiation, (ii) H+ irradiation and (iii) He2+ irradiation followed by H+ irradiation, at temperature 450 oC. The presents of vacancy defects, represented by ∆SHe+H parameter, induced by sequential irradiations was larger than the sum of defects, ∆SHe parameter + ∆SH parameter, caused by single He ions and single H ions. The synergistic effect of He and H was confirmed clearly from the perspective of positron annihilation spectroscopy.
摘要：The correlation between Cu precipitates and vacancy-like defects in three Fe-Cu model alloys, Fe-0.15%Cu, Fe-0.3%Cu and Fe-0.6%Cu, irradiated at 400 °C with hydrogen ions at doses from 0.045 to 0.45 dpa, were revealed by positron annihilation spectroscopy. The formation of vacancy-like defects surrounded by tiny Cu precipitates induced the increment of the S and W parameters after irradiation. The peak value of the relative W parameter (ΔW/W), as the high momentum information on Cu precipitates, located in the track region and decreased with irradiation dose increased from 0.045 dpa to 0.45 dpa. The information on high momentum depended on the coverage fraction of the defects by Cu atoms. The effect of the irradiation dose, the irradiation depth and the Cu content on the Cu coverage fraction of the defects has been investigated in the present work
摘要：The evolution of microstruture for Fe16.7Cr14.5Ni model alloy and 316 stainless steel irradiated with 140 keV He ions were studied by Positron annihilation spectroscopy. The fluences were 1016 and 5016 He ions/cm2. The irradiation temperature was room temperature and 573 K, respectively. The variation of S parameter-incident positron energy profile indicated that large amount of vacancy-type defects formed after He ion irradiation. Meanwhile, helium atoms deposited in bulk and certain amount of He-vacancy complexes were formed. The vacancy-type defects could be the major defects in track region and He-vacancy complexes would be the main defects in cascade region. The vacancy-type defects could migrate and aggregate to form vacancy clusters and even microvoids at elevated temperature irradiation. The diffusion mechanism of helium atoms might be changed at different irradiation temperature.
摘要：The formation of Cu precipitates in Fe-0.3%Cu binary model alloy after hydrogen ion irradiation at 400 was investigated by positron annihilation spectroscopy based on slow positron beam. In order to study the effect of elevated temperature for the Cu precipitates, the annealing treatment at 400 in Fe-0.3%Cu alloy was also investigated. The S-parameters of specimens increased with the irradiation dose increased, especially in the damage peak region. H+ implantation produced a large number of vacancy-type defects in Fe-0.3%Cu alloy. Compared to the unirradiated samples, the irradiated specimens show an overall major increase in W parameter values. Experimental results indicate that Cu precipitates formed easily under lower irradiation dose at elevated temperature. No obvious Cu precipitates formed when Fe-0.3%Cu alloy was annealed for 2h at 400 .
摘要：The vacancy-type defects induced by co-implantation of He and H ions in China Low Activation Martensitic (CLAM) steel at room temperature were investigated with a variable-energy position beam Doppler broadening spectra (DBS). The co- implantation contained two patterns: one was implanted by He ions firstly, and then followed by H-ions implantation; the other was implanted by H ions in the first place, after that followed by He-ions implantation. The S parameters of implanted samples became larger than un-implanted one under different implantation fluences, and the S parameters of pre-implanted H were larger than pre-implanted He regardless of fluence. The difference of S parameters between pre-implanted H and He decreased with increasing fluence. He-H-vacancy complex is the reason that the S parameter of pre-implanted H is higher than pre-implanted He
摘要：In order to study the microstructural evolution of the He+ irradiated FeCrNi model alloy, 140 keV He+ ions were implanted into the specimen with the fluence of 1015 ions/cm2 at room temperature. Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy was used to characterize the evolution of micro defects during isochronal annealing between 423 K and 873 K. The decrease of the S parameter between 573 K and 623 K has been associated to the annihilation of vacancy clusters, which were not trapped by helium atom. While the decline of the S parameter between 773 K and 823 K in the damage region might be caused by the dissociation of HenVm clusters. The dissociated vacancy clusters were unstable and annihilated rapidly, which decreases the concentration of vacancy defects.