摘要：With a standard deviation as large as 2 cm, the sea state bias (SSB) has become the dominant source of error in satellite altimetry. The operational SSB correction models are two-dimensional (2-D) empirical (parametric or nonparametric) models based on the altimeter-measured wind speed (U) and significant wave height (SWH). However, these 2-D SSB models cannot entirely parameterize the range bias variability. The SSB uncertainty may be lowered through improved SSB models including additional measurable or predictable correlatives. This paper presents a method to estimate the SSB from crossover differences by using a three-dimensional (3-D) nonparametric model. The model is based on U, SWH from Jason-2 altimeter ocean observations, and the mean wave period from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts reanalysis project ERA-Interim (The SSB model developed with the method presented in this paper is called “3-D SSB model” and the SSB estimated with the 3-D SSB model is called “3-D SSB estimate”). Simulations indicate that the wave period can greatly affect the SSB. Evaluated by the separate annual datasets from 2009 to 2011, the 3-D SSB estimates can increase the explained variance by 1.32 cm2, or 1.15-cm RMS relative to the traditional 2-D SSB estimates based on U and SWH. Spatial evaluation of improvement shows that the 3-D SSB estimates are better than the traditional 2-D SSB estimates at all latitudes. The enhancement from 2-D to 3-D SSB estimates is of great significance to improve the precision of the altimeter product.[COMP]: Please set math TYPE gin the sentence below (40) as per the authors PDF.
摘要：The sea state bias (SSB) has become the dominant source of error in satellite altimetry. The operational SSB correction models are two-dimensional (2-D) nonparametric models based on the wind speed (U) and the significant wave height (SWH) that can be directly measured by the altimeters. This paper estimates the sea state bias of HY-2A radar altimeter using a three-dimensional (3-D) nonparametric model based on SWH from HY-2A interim geophysical dataset records (IGDR), U and the mean wave period (MWP) from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) reanalysis project ERA-Interim. The 3-D SSB estimates can increase the explained variance by 1.72 cm2, or 1.31 cm RMS relative to the traditional 2-D SSB estimates based on U and SWH. �2016 IEEE.
摘要：Water vapor and cloud liquid water can influence the accuracy of sea surface height that spaceborne altimeter measures. Atmospheric correction microwave radiometer (ACMR) can be used to retrieve the amount of water vapor and cloud liquid water by measuring radiation from atmosphere and earth's surface. HY-2 satellite is a Chinese satellite for ocean dynamic environmental monitoring. ACMR is one payload of HY-2 satellite. Up to now, ACMR has been in operation for more than three years. In-orbit system stability of three years is assessed. The data of ACMR brightness temperature are matched to that of ECMWF wet tropospheric path delay in same space and time. The water vapor and cloud liquid water retrieval algorithm is derived The wet tropospheric path delay deviations are less than 1.5cm. Brightness temperatures and path delay of ACMR were compared with that of AMR. The average and standard deviations of wet tropospheric path delay are 1.27mm and 0.68mm.
摘要：This paper is aimed to assess the accuracy of HY-2A altimetry system. To further improve the accuracy and performance of HY-2A observed SSHs, several new treatments including 4 parameters maximum likelihood estimation (MLE4) retracking for Ku and C band, non-parameter sea state bias (NPSSB) model, and reprocessed dual-frequency altimeter ionospheric correction are included. The evaluation from dual-crossover comparison of the fully reprocessed level-2 sensor geophysical dataset records (SGDRs) data suggests that the algorithm and model improvements mentioned above give rise to remarkable promotion to the accuracy of the forthcoming version GDRs. In this study we conclude that the standard deviation of 5.79 cm is achieved from crossover comparison between HY-2A and Jason-2 sea surface height (SSHs), suggesting a promising situation of HY-2A altimetry datasets.