摘要：With a standard deviation as large as 2 cm, the sea state bias (SSB) has become the dominant source of error in satellite altimetry. The operational SSB correction models are two-dimensional (2-D) empirical (parametric or nonparametric) models based on the altimeter-measured wind speed (U) and significant wave height (SWH). However, these 2-D SSB models cannot entirely parameterize the range bias variability. The SSB uncertainty may be lowered through improved SSB models including additional measurable or predictable correlatives. This paper presents a method to estimate the SSB from crossover differences by using a three-dimensional (3-D) nonparametric model. The model is based on U, SWH from Jason-2 altimeter ocean observations, and the mean wave period from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts reanalysis project ERA-Interim (The SSB model developed with the method presented in this paper is called “3-D SSB model” and the SSB estimated with the 3-D SSB model is called “3-D SSB estimate”). Simulations indicate that the wave period can greatly affect the SSB. Evaluated by the separate annual datasets from 2009 to 2011, the 3-D SSB estimates can increase the explained variance by 1.32 cm2, or 1.15-cm RMS relative to the traditional 2-D SSB estimates based on U and SWH. Spatial evaluation of improvement shows that the 3-D SSB estimates are better than the traditional 2-D SSB estimates at all latitudes. The enhancement from 2-D to 3-D SSB estimates is of great significance to improve the precision of the altimeter product.[COMP]: Please set math TYPE gin the sentence below (40) as per the authors PDF.
摘要：The sea state bias (SSB) has become the dominant source of error in satellite altimetry. The operational SSB correction models are two-dimensional (2-D) nonparametric models based on the wind speed (U) and the significant wave height (SWH) that can be directly measured by the altimeters. This paper estimates the sea state bias of HY-2A radar altimeter using a three-dimensional (3-D) nonparametric model based on SWH from HY-2A interim geophysical dataset records (IGDR), U and the mean wave period (MWP) from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) reanalysis project ERA-Interim. The 3-D SSB estimates can increase the explained variance by 1.72 cm2, or 1.31 cm RMS relative to the traditional 2-D SSB estimates based on U and SWH. �2016 IEEE.
摘要：In the framework of the simplest little Higgs model (SLHM), we study the production of a pair of neutral CP-even Higgs bosons at the LHC. First, we examine the production rate and find that it can be significantly larger than the SM prediction. Then we investigate the decays of the Higgs-pair and find that for a low Higgs mass their dominant decay mode is hh -> eta eta eta eta (eta is a CP-odd scalar) while hh -> b (b) over bar eta eta and hh -> eta eta WW may also have sizable ratios. Finally, we comparatively study the rates of pp -> hh -> b (b) over bar tau(+)tau(-), pp -> hh -> b (b) over bar gamma gamma, and pp -> hh -> WWWW in the SLHM and the littlest Higgs models (LHT). We find that for a light Higgs, compared with the SM predictions, all the three rates can be sizably enhanced in the LHT but severely suppressed in the SLHM; while for an intermediately heavy Higgs, both the LHT and SLHM can enhance sizably the SM predictions. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
摘要：The left-right twin Higgs model predicts a light stable scalar (S) over cap, which is a candidate for WIMP dark matter. We study its scattering on nucleon and find that the cross section is below the CDMS II upper bound but can reach the SuperCDMS sensitivity. Then we study the Higgs phenomenology by paying special attention to the decay h -> (S) over cap(S) over cap which is strongly correlated with the dark matter scattering on nucleon. We find that such an invisible decay can be sizable, which can severely suppress the conventional decay modes like h -> VV(V = W, Z) and h -> b (b) over bar. On the other hand, compared to the SM prediction, the rates of Higgs boson productions at the LHC via gluon-gluon fusion, weak boson fusion or in association with top quark pairs are all reduced significantly, e. g., the gluon-gluon fusion channel can be suppressed by about 30%.
摘要：We study the process gamma gamma -> h -> b (b) over bar at ILC as a probe of different little Higgs models, including the simplest little Higgs model (SLH), the littlest Higgs model (LH), and two types of littlest Higgs models with T-parity (LHT-I, LHT-II). Compared with the Standard Model (SM) prediction, the production rate is found to be sizably altered in these little Higgs models and, more interestingly, different models give different predictions. We find that the production rate can be possibly enhanced only in the LHT-II for some part of the parameter space, while in all other cases the rate is suppressed. The suppression can be 10% in the LH and as much as 60% in both the SLH and the LHT-I/LHT-II. The severe suppression in the SLH happens for a large tan beta and a small m(h), in which the new decay mode h -> eta eta (eta is a light pseudo-scalar) is dominant; while for the LHT-I/LHT-II the large suppression occurs when integral and m(h) are both small so that the new decay mode h -> A(H)A(H) is dominant. Therefore, the precision measurement of such a production process at the ILC will allow for a test of these models and even distinguish between different scenarios.
摘要：We study the Higgs boson decays and production via gluon fusion at the LHC as a probe of two typical littlest Higgs models which introduce a top quark partner with different (even and odd) T parity to cancel the Higgs mass quadratic divergence contributed by the top quark. For each model, we consider two different choices for the down-type quark Yukawa couplings. We first examine the branching ratios of the Higgs boson decays and then study the production via gluon fusion followed by the decay into two photons or two weak gauge bosons. We find that the predictions can be quite different for different models or different choices of down-type quark Yukawa couplings, and all these predictions can sizably deviate from the standard model predictions. So the Higgs boson processes at the LHC can be a sensitive probe for these littlest Higgs models.
摘要：Higgs boson productions at the LHC will serve as a sensitive probe of various little Higgs models. In this work we comparatively study two littlest Higgs models with different T-parity constructions through examining their effects in three production processes of the Higgs boson at the LHC, namely, the productions of a single Higgs, a Higgs-pair, as well as a Higgs boson associated with a pair of top and antitop quarks. The two models are characterized by predicting a top partner with, respectively, even and odd T-parity, which cancels the Higgs mass quadratic divergence caused by the top quark. We find that both models can alter the standard model cross sections sizably and their corrections also differ significantly. Therefore, the Higgs boson productions at the LHC might shed some light on these two models or even distinguish them.
摘要：Little Higgs theory naturally predicts a light Higgs boson whose most important discovery channel at the LHC is the diphoton signal pp -> h -> gamma gamma. In this work, we perform a comparative study for this signal in some typical little Higgs models, namely, the littlest Higgs model, two littlest Higgs models with T-parity (named LHT-I and LHT-II), and the simplest little Higgs models. We find that compared with the standard model prediction, the diphoton signal rate is always suppressed and the suppression extent can be quite different for different models. The suppression is mild (<= 10%) in the littlest Higgs model but can be quite severe (similar or equal to 90%) in other three models. This means that discovering the light Higgs boson predicted by the little Higgs theory through the diphoton channel at the LHC will be more difficult than discovering the standard model Higgs boson.
摘要：In order to explain the Tevatron anomaly of the top quark forward-backward asymmetry A(FB)(t) in the left-right twin Higgs model, we choose to give up the lightest neutral particle of (h) over cap field as a stable dark matter candidate. Then a new Yukawa interaction for (h) over cap is allowed, which can be free from the constraint of same-sign top pair production and contribute sizably to A(FB)(t). Considering the constraints from the production rates of the top pair (t (t) over bar), the top decay rates, and t (t) over bar invariant mass distribution, we find that this model with such new Yukawa interaction can explain A(FB)(t) measured at the Tevatron while satisfying the charge asymmetry A(C)(t) measured at the LHC. Moreover, this model predicts a strong correlation between A(C)(t) at the LHC and A(FB)(t) at the Tevatron, i.e., A(C)(t) increases as A(FB)(t) increases.
摘要：We confront the little Higgs theory with the LHC Higgs search data (up to 17 fb(-1) of the combined 7 and 8 TeV run). Considering some typical models, namely, the littlest Higgs model, the littlest Higgs model with T parity (LHT-A and LHT-B), and the simplest little Higgs model, we scan over the parameter space in the region allowed by current experiments. We find that in these models the inclusive and exclusive (via gluon-gluon fusion) diphoton and ZZ* signal rates of the Higgs boson are always suppressed and approach the standard model predictions for a large-scale f. Thus, the ZZ* signal rate is within the 1 sigma range of the experimental data while the inclusive diphoton signal rate is always outside the 2 sigma range. Especially, in the LHT-A the diphoton signal rate is outside the 3 sigma range of the experimental data for f < 800 GeV. We also perform a global chi(2) fit to the available LHC and Tevatron Higgs data, and find that these models provide no better global fit to the whole data set (only for some special channels a better fit can be obtained, especially in the LHT-B). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.87.055004
摘要：Protein disulfide-isomerase (PIN) was the first protein-folding catalyst to be characterized, half a century ago. It plays critical roles in a variety of physiological events by displaying oxidoreductase and redox-regulated chaperone activities. This review provides a brief history of the identification of PDI as both an enzyme and a molecular chaperone and of the recent advances in studies on the structure and dynamics of PDI, the substrate binding and release, and the cooperation with its partners to catalyze oxidative protein folding and maintain ER redox homeostasis. In this review, we highlight the structural features of PDI, including the high interdomain flexibility, the multiple binding sites, the two synergic active sites, and the redox-dependent conformational changes. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
摘要：In this paper, we interpret the 750 GeV diphoton excess in the Zee-Babu extension of the two-Higgs-doublet model by introducing a top partner (T)/bottom partner (B). In the alignment limit, the 750 GeV resonance is identified as the heavy CP-even Higgs boson (H), which can be sizably produced via the QCD process pp -> T (T) over bar or pp -> B (B) over bar followed by the decay T -> Ht or B -> Hb. The diphoton decay rate of His greatly enhanced by the charged singlet scalars predicted in the Zee-Babu extension and the total width of H can be as large as 7 GeV. Under the current LHC constraints, we scan the parameter space and find that such an extension can account for the observed diphoton excess. (C) 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license.
摘要：Wilms' tumors are one of the most common malignant, solid intra-abdominal tumors observed in children. Although potential tumor markers have been found, inflammatory cytokines interfere with the process of specific protein identification. The present study was undertaken to identify post-traumatic stress-related factors of Wilms' tumors and to verify the accuracy of early-stage tumor-specific serum protein markers. Serum samples were screened for differentially-expressed proteins using surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF-MS). Potential markers were isolated and purified using solid-phase extraction (SPE) and SDS-PAGE. Following enzymatic digestion of the protein samples, the peptide fragments were detected with high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The obtained peptide mass fingerprint was searched in the Swiss-Prot protein sequence database via the Mascot search engine. Differentially-expressed proteins were verified using western blot analysis. Differentially-expressed proteins with a mass/charge of 5,816 were screened out using SELDI-TOF-MS, and significant differences between the tumor and control groups, and the trauma and control groups were observed. Target proteins were isolated and purified using SPE and SDS-PAGE. Thioredoxin 1 (Trx1) was found to be differentially expressed. In the serum of children with Wilms' tumors, there was an increase in the level of the post-traumatic stress-related inflammatory factor, Trx1, as compared with the normal control group. Thus, the results of this study indicate that Trx1 presents a potential post-traumatic stress-related factor of Wilms' tumors.
摘要：Compared with conventional radar altimeter (CRA), synthetic aperture radar altimeter (SARAL) is a new generation radar altimeter and has better height precision and spatial resolution. As using synthetic aperture technique, SARAL data processing is very different from CRA. To verify the performance and the processing algorithm, an airborne experimental system of SARAL is developed. The experimental system was installed in Y-12 aircraft, and a lot of data was obtained in the October 2014. The echo signal with SAR mode and conventional mode are obtained at the same time, so the standard deviations of the two modes are compared. The results indicate that the height precision of SARAL is improved about 1 times. The significant wave height value extracted from the SARAL waveform is very close to that of the buoy deployed at the experiment area.
摘要：This paper is aimed to assess the accuracy of HY-2A altimetry system. To further improve the accuracy and performance of HY-2A observed SSHs, several new treatments including 4 parameters maximum likelihood estimation (MLE4) retracking for Ku and C band, non-parameter sea state bias (NPSSB) model, and reprocessed dual-frequency altimeter ionospheric correction are included. The evaluation from dual-crossover comparison of the fully reprocessed level-2 sensor geophysical dataset records (SGDRs) data suggests that the algorithm and model improvements mentioned above give rise to remarkable promotion to the accuracy of the forthcoming version GDRs. In this study we conclude that the standard deviation of 5.79 cm is achieved from crossover comparison between HY-2A and Jason-2 sea surface height (SSHs), suggesting a promising situation of HY-2A altimetry datasets.