摘要：Aging experiments of a novel type of large area MCP-PMT made by JUNO collaboration were conducted.In these aging experiments, the multi-photoelectron spectrum and single photoelectron spectrum were measured daily,as well as the MCP resistance of the second PMT before and after the experiment. Two PMTs were aged successivelyfor cross check. The first PMT was aged for 52 days, while the other one was aged for 84 days. In order to study the mechanism of the aging process, the high voltage on the second PMT was increased to accelerate its aging process when the cumulative output of charge from its anode was about 4 C. From our study, it can be known that large area MCP-PMT aging had a strong relationship with the related MCPs. In accordance with the PMT aging curve,a PMT aging model was setup and a general aging formula was given.
摘要：Reactor neutrino experiments build large-scale detector systems to trap ghost-like neutrinos. In liquid scintillator, a neutral bound state of a positron and an electron named positronium could be formed. The spin triplet state was called ortho-positronium (o-Ps). In this script, an experiment was designed to measure the lifetime of o-Ps, which turned out to be 3.1 ns. A PSD parameter based on photon emission time distribution (PETD) was constructed to discriminate e+/e−. Finally the application of e+/e− discrimination in JUNO experiment was shown. It helps suppression of 8He/9Li backgrounds and improves the sensitivity by 0.6 in χ2 analysis with assumption of σ=1 ns PMT Transit Time Spread, which will bring smearing effect to PETD.