1.Institute of Fundamental and Frontier Science, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, 610054, China.;
2.School of Education, Shannxi Normal University, Xi'an, 710062, China.;
3.School of Knowledge Science, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Nomi, Ishikawa 923-1211, Japan.;
Because of the efficiency of modeling fuzziness and vagueness, Z-number plays an important role in real practice. However, Z-numbers, defined in the real number field, lack the ability to process the quantum information in quantum environment. It is reasonable to generalize Z-number into its quantum counterpart. In this paper, we propose quantum Z-numbers (QZNs), which are the quantum generalization of Z-numbers. In addition, seven basic quantum fuzzy operations of QZNs and their corresponding quantum circuits are presented and illustrated by numerical examples. Moreover, based on QZNs, a novel quantum multi-attributes decision making (MADM) algorithm is proposed and applied in medical diagnosis. The results show that, with the help of quantum computation, the proposed algorithm can make diagnoses correctly and efficiently.
Deng, Jixiang,Deng, Yong.(2021).QZNs: Quantum Z-numbers.[ChinaXiv:202104.00004] (Click&Copy)