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A holographic p-wave superconductor model


We study a holographic p-wave superconductor model in a four dimensional Einstein-Maxwell-complex vector field theory with a negative cosmological constant. The complex vector field is charged under the Maxwell field. We solve the full coupled equations of motion of the system and find black hole solutions with the vector hair. The vector hairy black hole solutions are dual to a thermal state with the U(1) symmetry as well as the spatial rotational symmetry broken spontaneously. Depending on two parameters, the mass and charge of the vector field, we find a rich phase structure: zeroth order, first order and second order phase transitions can happen in this model. We also find "retrograde condensation" in which the hairy black hole solution exists only for the temperatures above a critical value with the free energy much larger than the one of the black hole without the vector hair. We construct the phase diagram for this system in terms of the temperature and charge of the vector field.
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Recommended references: Cai, Rong-Gen,Li, Li,Li, Li-Fang.(2016).A holographic p-wave superconductor model.JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS.[ChinaXiv:201605.01169] (Click&Copy)
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[V1] 2016-05-09 12:01:51 chinaXiv:201605.01169V1 Download
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