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1. chinaXiv:201911.00009 [pdf]

一种替代彩虹模型的惯性系非洛仑兹变换模型

胡锦文
Subjects: Physics >> Geophysics, Astronomy, and Astrophysics

在洛伦兹破缺模型中,彩虹模型通常被讨论,因为彩虹模型可以使一个粒子的能量有一个极限,而不是由洛伦兹变换中得到的无限大,这在量子引力理论中被认为是必要的。然而,本文表明一开始并没有必要限制光速是一个常数,当我们约定如下三个原则:(1)我们可以用校准的时钟定义整个空间的同时性,(2)时空是均匀的,空间各向同性和(3)所有的惯性系统是等价的。基于上述三原则,我们可以构造一个通用坐标变换来满足惯性系统的对称性,并可以在惯性系统之间构建一个non-Lorentz变换使得粒子的能量有一个极限值,就像和彩虹模型一样。 此外,在最近的论文中,作为一种超高能量尺度的测试,彩虹模型被用来研究伽马射线爆发,如GRB 160509A事件,它强烈地表明了光速的变化与光子能量之间存在线性关系。所以我们也分析了同样的事件,我们发现我们的模型也支持彩虹模型的结论,我们的模型和彩虹模型之间有一定的相关性。最后,我们简要讨论了如何在未来的高能粒子实验中验证这两个模型。

submitted time 2019-11-09 Hits155Downloads83 Comment 0

2. chinaXiv:201910.00053 [pdf]

Effects of biochar on water movement characteristics in sandy soil under drip irrigation

PU Shenghai; LI Guangyong1; TANG Guangmu; ZHANG Yunshu ; XU Wanli; LI Pan; FENG Guangping; DING Feng
Subjects: Physics >> General Physics: Statistical and Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Information, etc.

Biochar addition can improve the physical and hydraulic characteristics of sandy soil. This study investigated the effects of biochar on water holding capacity and water movement in sandy soil under drip irrigation. By indoor simulation experiments, the effects of biochar application at five levels (0%, 1%, 2%, 4% and 6%) on the soil water retention curve, infiltration characteristics of drip irrigation and water distribution were tested and analyzed. The results showed that biochar addition rate was positively correlated with water holding capacity of sandy soil and soil available water. Within the same infiltration time, with an increasing amount of added biochar, the diffusion distance of the horizontal wetting front (HWF) tended to decrease, while the infiltration distance of vertical wetting front (VWF) initially declined and then rose. The features of wetted bodies changed from "broad-shallow" to "narrow-deep" type. The relationship between the transport distances of HWF and VWF and the infiltration time was described by a power function. At the same distance from the point source, the larger the amount of added biochar, the higher the soil water content. Biochar had a great influence on the water content of the layer with biochar (0–200 mm) and had some effects at 200–250 mm without biochar; but it had less influence on the soil water content deeper than 250 mm. For the application rate of biochar of 4%, most water was retained within 0–250 mm soil layer. However, when biochar application amount was high (6%), it would be helpful for water infiltration. During the improvement of sandy soil, biochar application rate of 4% in the plow layer had the best effect.

submitted time 2019-10-26 From cooperative journals:《Journal of Arid Land》 Hits1417Downloads111 Comment 0

3. chinaXiv:201910.00072 [pdf]

不确定性(原理)关系的证伪

段德龙
Subjects: Physics >> General Physics: Statistical and Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Information, etc.

为解决量子力学物理诠释的根本分歧,证明爱因斯坦对于量子力学的预测本文对海森堡不确定性(原理)关系式的数学形式进行概率分析;从个体基元过程的角度对海森堡与玻尔的电子单狭缝位置测定思想实验和爱因斯坦光子箱思想实验进行了重新检视。在数学上通过对概率分布及全概率空间的分析得到了不确定性关系被破坏的结果;对海森堡与玻尔的电子单狭缝位置测定思想实验和爱因斯坦光子箱思想实验进行的重新检视,获得了玻尔与海森堡原有论证不成立的结论。因篇幅所限未就纠缠作进一步的分析。在演绎(数学上的概率分析)与归纳(物理上的思想实验)两个方面,本文都获得了海森堡不确定性关系不成立的结果,证明了量子力学正统诠释难以保持其理论的自洽与逻辑一贯性

submitted time 2019-10-21 Hits1056Downloads102 Comment 0

4. chinaXiv:201607.00046 [pdf]

Exact Solution for Three-Dimensional Ising Model

Zhang, Degang
Subjects: Physics >> General Physics: Statistical and Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Information, etc.

Three-dimensional Ising model in zero external field is exactly solved by operator algebras, similar to the Onsager's approach in two dimensions. The partition function of the simple cubic crystal imposed by the periodic boundary condition along both $(0 1 0)$ and $(0 0 1)$ directions and the screw boundary condition along the $(1 0 0)$ direction is calculated rigorously. In the thermodynamic limit an integral replaces a sum in the formula of the partition function. A order-disorder transition in the infinite crystal occurs at a temperature $T=T_c$ determined by the condition: $\sinh\frac{2J}{k_BT_c}\sinh\frac{2(J_1+J_2)}{k_BT_c}=1$, where $(J_1 J_2 J)$ are the interaction energies in three directions, respectively. The analytical expressions for the internal energy and the specific heat are also given. It is also shown that the thermodynamic properties of 3D Ising model with $J_1=J_2$ are connected to those in 2D Ising model with the interaction energies $(J_1 J_{2D})$ by the relation $(\frac{J_{2D}}{k_BT})^*=(\frac{J}{k_BT})^*-\frac{J_1}{k_BT}$, where $x^*=\frac{1}{2}{\rm ln coth} x={\rm tanh}^{-1}(e^{-2x})$.

submitted time 2019-09-12 Hits4907Downloads1330 Comment 0

5. chinaXiv:201909.00120 [pdf]

西宁盆地4种草本和灌木植物降盐效应试验研究

李淑霞; 刘亚斌; 钟鹏; 余冬梅; 胡夏嵩; 杨幼清
Subjects: Physics >> General Physics: Statistical and Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Information, etc.

以西宁盆地长岭沟流域自建试验区为研究区,筛选出适宜当地气候条件下生长的2种灌木植物柠条锦鸡儿(Caragana korshinskii Kom.)、霸王〔Zygophyllum xanthoxylon (Bunge) Maxim.〕和2种草本植物细茎冰草(Agropyron trachycaulum cv. Slender)、紫花苜蓿(Medicago sativa Linn.)作为试验供试种,在试验区对4种植物采用单一种植和组合种植方式,探讨2种种植条件下植物根系在边坡地表以下垂直方向土体中K+、Ca2+、Na+、Mg2+、SO42-、Cl-、HCO3-、CO32-等8种易溶盐离子含量及其变化特征,评价了区内2种草本和2种灌木植物降低边坡土体盐分的能力。结果表明:单一种植细茎冰草、紫花苜蓿、柠条锦鸡儿、霸王对边坡土体中SO42-、Ca2+、Na+具有显著降低作用,草本与灌木组合Ⅰ(柠条锦鸡儿+紫花苜蓿+细茎冰草组合)和草本与灌木组合Ⅱ(霸王+紫花苜蓿+细茎冰草组合)对边坡土体中SO42、Ca2+、Mg2+、K+、Na+表现出显著降低作用;紫花苜蓿的降盐效果相对较为显著、其次为柠条锦鸡儿和细茎冰草,霸王的降盐效果不及前者显著;草本与灌木组合Ⅱ的降盐效果相对显著于草本与灌木组合Ⅰ。

submitted time 2019-09-09 From cooperative journals:《干旱区研究》 Hits2670Downloads116 Comment 0

6. chinaXiv:201907.00026 [pdf]

Exact Solution of Quantum Rabi Model

Degang Zhang
Subjects: Physics >> General Physics: Statistical and Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Information, etc.

Quantum Rabi model is exactly solved by employing the parameter-dependent unitary transformation method in the Bargmann space. The complete energy spectrum consists of two double-fold sub-energy spectra. The eigenvalue is determined by the parameter in the unitary transformation, which satisfies a highly nonlinear equation. Such the energy spectrum completely coincides with that obtained in the occupation number representation [D. Zhang, chinaXiv:201708.00168].

submitted time 2019-07-31 Hits2072Downloads177 Comment 0

7. chinaXiv:201907.00002 [pdf]

The Change of the Electron Clouds of Ions in Cuprate Superconductor CaCuO2: A First-Principles Investigation of the Electron-Pairing

Tiege Zhou
Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic, and Optical Properties

P. W. Anderson raised an important question in 2007: Is There Glue in Cuprate Superconductors? The author believes that the change of the electron clouds of ions is the glue in cuprate superconductors. The change of the electron clouds of the ions in the parent structure of the layered high-temperature superconductors CaCuO2 has been studied by the first-principles calculations. The electron clouds of Cu2+ and O2- ions change obviously under electric fields. It is also found, for the first time, the characteristic frequencies of the change of the electron clouds are 250 meV, 360 meV, and 100 meV, respectively, for the modes observed. The frequencies are low and close to that of lattice vibrations, indicating the change of the electron cloud of ions can be the electron-pairing medium in cuprate superconductors.

submitted time 2019-07-02 Hits437Downloads199 Comment 0

8. chinaXiv:201906.00024 [pdf]

Characteristic frequency of the orbital fluctuation in the unconventional iron-based superconductor BaFe2As2: A TDDFT investigation of the electron pairing mechanism

Tiege Zhou
Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic, and Optical Properties

It is proposed that the electron-pairing medium of the iron-based superconductors may be the orbital fluctuation of the transition metal ions. But the characteristic frequency of the orbital fluctuation has not been given. For the first time, the author has calculated the real-time evolution of the electron clouds of transition metal ions in BaFe2As2 under excitations by the time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT). There are different modes of fluctuations. The characteristic frequencies are 150 meV, 160 meV, 250 meV, and 200 meV, respectively, for the modes the author observed. The results are unexpected, because the general view is that the change of the electron density is very quick, and the frequency is much higher than the lattice vibration. The frequencies the author obtained are close to that of the lattice vibration in conventional superconductors at normal and high pressures, indicating the orbital (or electron cloud) fluctuation can by the electron pairing medium. Based on the calculation results, the author proposed a new electron pairing mechanism.

submitted time 2019-06-13 Hits415Downloads206 Comment 0

9. chinaXiv:201905.00050 [pdf]

基于单极感应问题的多极感应实验

张学亮
Subjects: Physics >> Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics

针对单极感应之谜,本文注意到磁力线是闭合线,利用洛伦茨力概念首先证明N与M两种对立观点都能够合理解释自法拉第时期以来典型的、有较大影响的单极感应实验。并采用等效电路和比较简明的方法推演出单极感应实验测量回路中感应电动势的一般表达式,说明单极感应问题至今未果的原因是实验采用的轴对称磁体外围磁场特殊的对称性分布结构,且分布结构不随磁体旋转而改变造成的。也说明单极感应实验本身无法解决单极感应问题。介绍了一种多极感应实验方案与实验结果,结合实验磁体外围磁场分布状况,同样用N与M两种观点对照分析了实验结果,得出了法拉第与韦伯当年的单极感应实验测量回路中的感应电动势是由磁体外相对于实验室参照系静止的线段产生的结论,该结论与M观点的结论一致。

submitted time 2019-05-08 Hits3945Downloads304 Comment 0

10. chinaXiv:201904.00095 [pdf]

Real-Time Evolution of the Electron Clouds of Transition Metal Ions: Electron-Pairing Medium of Unconventional High Temperature Superconductors

Tege Zhou
Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic, and Optical Properties

The electron-pairing mechanism in unconventional high temperature superconductors (HTS) has not been resolved. The author proposed that the electron-pairing medium of unconventional HTS is the change of the electron clouds of transition metal ions, which is analogous to the lattice vibration in conventional superconductors. Real-time evolution of the electron clouds of transition metal ions under excitations in La2Fe2As2O2, FeSe sheet, Fe2KSe2, CaCuO2, and HgBa2Ca2Cu3O8 was calculated by the time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT). The characteristic frequency is about 90-250 meV, which is equivalent to the lattice vibration frequencies, showing that the change of the electron clouds of the transition metal ions can be the electron-pairing medium in unconventional HTS.

submitted time 2019-04-24 Hits1063Downloads321 Comment 0

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