In this article, I shall propose an enlightening view on the origin of dark matter abundance, in which I introduce a neutral primordial field, which is a new field beyond the standard model, the mass of the primordial field is confined in the vicinity of neutrino mass (or 1-2 orders of magnitude different from the neutrino mass). All the standard model elementary particles are produced spontaneously from this field in the Big Bang epoch of the universe and then these produced elementary particles decayed or annihilated in the well-known standard model interactions. The relic of the primordial field appears in a form of vacuum energy can not only give naturally the correct abundance of dark matter in the present universe, but provide a natural solution to the cosmological constant problem as well. We find that the conventional methods of detecting dark matter either fail or have great difficulties to detect the remaining vacuum energy of the primordial field, and how to confirm the existence of the remaining energy of the universe's original energy in experiment is still an open problem.
We give how to calculate the vacuum stability conditions of scalar potential for two Higgs doublet model with explicit CP conservation. Moreover, the analytical sufficient and necessary conditions are obtained. The argument methods are first used to study the tensor with two parameters.
摘要： 提出马赫思想的一种表述，并讨论了压强对时空弯曲的影响，由此得到如下一些结果。第一，有一部分类星体由于其非宇宙学红移而成为伪类星体；第二，对暗物质存在的部分依据如旋涡星系转动曲线、宇宙结构形成等给出非暗物质的理解；第三，预期沿银河系径向高速运动粒子静惯性质量会发生改变、地球绕日轨道和月球绕地轨道会出现微小畸变；第四，计算表明孤立恒星、星系和星系团可能具有广义相对论二十余倍的引力透镜效应；第五， 黑洞奇点有可能避免；第六，给出宇宙一种周期性演化模型。在这种模型中虽然宇宙演化的发散奇点不可能避免，但测地线完备可能保持，并且不需要暗能量当今宇宙仍可能处于加速膨胀阶段。该模型不存在视界疑难和平直性疑难。最后，探讨了引力波源是否可多信道探测的问题。
摘要：In this note, we investigate the anomalies in field theories. The results of the anomalies through Feynman diagrams calculation are multi-valued function. These single-valued branches of multi-valued function are related to the bound states of neutral pseudoscalar mesons. Adding these bound state contributions, we obtain a new anomaly free condition that all the external particles are on-shell and find the non-perturbative mass spectrum of neutral pseudoscalar mesons. We also discuss the anomaly in 2 dimensional QFT.
摘要：In this work, we try to find a way to describe the physical law of micro-world under the frame of a space-time theory. By introducing a scalar field D(x), we rewrite the action of conventional field theory and the Lagrangian describing the motion of the particle, where a modified space-time relation is obtained. To prove the correctness of this attempt, we derive the Klein-Gordon equation by the Hamilton-Jacobi method in four dimensional form.
摘要： We regard the background of space-time as a physical system composed of discrete volume elements at the Planck scale and get the internal energy of space-time by Debye model. A temperature-dependent minimum energy limit of the particles is proposed from the thermal motion part of the internal energy. As decreases of the temperature caused by the expansion of the universe, more and more particles would be "released" because of the change of the energy limit, we regard these new particles as a source of dark energy. The minimum energy limit also leads to a corrected number of particles in universe and a modified conservation equation. According to the modified conservation equation, an effective cosmological constant consistent with its observed value is obtained.
摘要： The interactions between waves and electrons are the basis of vacuum tubes and particle accelerators. In order to further understand the interactions, we proposed a new electromagnetic model. In this model, the photon is composed of two elementary particles – ephoton and mphoton, which are the basic particles that form the electric fields and magnetic fields, respectively. There are many ephotons around the electrons and the electrons can absorb the ephotons. The proposed electromagnetic model can well explain the electromagetic phenomena and the interactions between waves and electrons.
摘要： 利用段一士提出的规范势可分解和具有内部结构的思想，使用几何代数方法对SO（n）群用单位矢量场进行了分解，给出了一般形式，并讨论这个分解的性质；由此给出了SU（2）群和U（1）群用单位矢量分解的形式，这正是著名物理学家法捷耶夫1999年所给出的结果。使用SO（n）群规范势分解的一般形式讨论了Gauss-Bonnet-Chern 密度的局域拓扑结构，其整体拓扑结构正好是Gauss—Bonnet-Chern 定理，由拓扑结构很容易得到Euler- Poincaré 示性数的Morse 理论形式。利用SU（2)群规范势分解研究了-1/2 Bose-Einstein 凝聚体，得到了一个新的环流条件，也是Mernin-Ho 关系的推广。最后，使用段一士发现的三维黎曼几何的Torsion 张量与U（1）规范理论的关系，使用U（1）规范势分解研究了位错线与link 数的关系。
摘要： 为了纪念段一士教授逝世一周年，我将我们发表在Helv.Phys.Acta.(1995,68:513)上的一篇`文章放在网上. 使用几何代数,对n 维紧致黎曼流形上球丛的自旋联络的一般分解进行了仔细的研究,利用这种分解理论,Eular-poincare 示性数的Gauss-Bonnet-Chern 密度能够表示为一个光滑矢量场,并取Delta 函数形式.然后对Gauss-Bonnet-Chern 密度的拓扑结构进行了讨论,经一步,通过这种拓扑结构得到了Eular-poincare 示性数Morse 理论的形式
摘要：Ithasbeen known thatthe supersym m etric avor changing neutralcurrent problem can beavoided ifthesquarkstakethefollowing m asspattern,nam ely the #12;rsttwo generations with the sam e chirality are degenerate with m asses around the weak scale,while the third generation is very heavy. W e realize thisscenario through the supersym m etricextension ofa topcolorm odelwith gauge m ediated supersym m etry breaking.
摘要：The 1/Nc expansion of the heavy baryon Isgur-Wise functions is discussed.Because of the contracted SU(2Nf ) light quark spin-flavor symmetry, the universality relations among the Isgur-Wise functions of b ! #3;c and #6;(∗) b ! #6;(∗)c are valid up to the order of 1/N2 c .
摘要：At the order of 1/m3b , the B meson lifetimes are controlled by the hadronic matrix elements of some four-quark operators. The nonfactorizable magnitudes of these four-quark operator matrix elements are analyzed by QCD sum rules in the framework of heavy quark effective theory. The vacuum saturation for color-singlet four-quark operators is justified at hadronic scale, and the nonfactorizable effect is at a few percent level. However for color-octet four-quark operators, the vacuum saturation is violated sizably that the nonfactorizable effect cannot be neglected for the B meson lifetimes. The implication to the extraction of some of theparameters from B decays is discussed. The B meson lifetime ratio is predicted as τ (B−)/τ (B0) = 1.09 ± 0.02. However, the experimentalresult of the lifetime ratio τ (#3;b)/τ (B0) still cannot be explained.
摘要：The original results for the baryon-pion couplings in the large Nc QCD can be understood in a simpler way in the Hartree-Fock picture. The large Nc relation and its 1/Nc correction between the heavy baryon- meson coupling and the light baryon-meson coupling are emphasized.Application to the baryon-ρ meson interactions is straightforward. The implications of recent experimental result for the strong coupling con-stants of the heavy baryon chiral lagrangian are discussed.
摘要：We argue that in the large Nc HQET, the masses of the s-wave lowspin heavy baryons equal to the heavy quark mass plus proton mass approximately. To the subleading order, the heavy baryon mass 1/Nc expansion not only has the same form, but also has the same coefficients as that of the light baryon. Based on this, numerical analysis is made.
摘要：Some phenomenological aspects of a supersymmetric model for fermion mass hierarchy proposed previously are discussed. It is required that the lepton universality violation is near to its current experimental bound. The lepton number violation decay modes τ → 2eμ and 3μ maybe observable in the near future. The Majorana mass of electron-neutrino is predicted to be about 0.1 eV. The fine-tuning problem is discussed.
摘要：A pattern of quark mass hierarchy and CP violation within the framework of low energy supersymmetry is described. By assuming some discrete symmetry among the three families, the quarks of the third family obtain masses at tree level. The second family obtains masses radiatively at one-loop level due to the soft breaking of the family symmetry. At this level, the first family remains massless by some degeneracy conditions of the squarks. As a result of R-parity violation, the sneutrino vacuum expectation values are nonvanishing. CP violation occurs through the superweak sneutrino exchange. This picture is consistent with the experiments on the flavor changing neutral current.